Soft Power and Small States: A Theoretical Discussion

Authors

  • Binod Khanda Timilsana Department of Mathematics, Saptagandaki Multiple Campus, Baharatpur, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jps.v24i1.62860

Keywords:

Hegemony, international relations, military power, soft power taxonomy, small states

Abstract

This paper analyses global debates on soft power and its implications for small states in international relations. It primarily focuses on theoretical debates about the soft power of small states. It examines the conceptual development of soft power and how it relates to small states using a qualitative approach. It has observed small states from quantitative and qualitative definitions and found them to have divergent priorities with distinct characteristics. Furthermore, a soft power taxonomy was used to observe soft power resources, instruments, receptions, and outcomes. Methodologically, this paper follows the qualitative literature review approach, using a systematic framework. Finally, the paper examines the ontological position of soft power in international relations theory, providing a unique proposition that stands out from realism, liberalism, and constructivism. In conclusion, the paper reviews the opportunities, challenges, and practices of soft power in the foreign affairs of small states, drawing on theoretical and philosophical lenses to develop persuasive arguments.

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Published

2024-02-20

How to Cite

Timilsana, B. K. (2024). Soft Power and Small States: A Theoretical Discussion. Journal of Political Science, 24(1), 139–158. https://doi.org/10.3126/jps.v24i1.62860

Issue

Section

Original Article