Journal of Training and Development Published by the Research and Development Department, Training Institute for Technical Instruction, Nepal. Full text articles available. en-US Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:<br /> <ol type="a"><br /><li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li><br /><li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li><br /><li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See <a href="" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li></ol> (Ms. Akim Shrestha) (Sioux Cumming) Wed, 27 Sep 2017 11:02:02 +0000 OJS 60 Continuing the Journey of Educating, Training and Research No abstract available Basanti Roshan Pradhan Shrestha ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 27 Sep 2017 11:01:56 +0000 National Vocational Qualification Framework (NVQF) for Nepal: Necessity or Waste of Money? Experts’ Standpoint <p>A purpose of this study was to understand whether NVQF is the necessity for the sustainable prosperity of TVET sector of Nepal or just a waste of money. The study had been carried out applying qualitative methodology in the form of narrative enquiry. The understanding and perception of five TVET experts were detailed with the help of following questions, viz. (a) how do you perceive for the necessity of NVQF in Nepal and (b) what are the major challenges and how can we cope with these challenges for the successful implementation of NVQF in Nepal. The experts understanding and experiences revealed that not only NVQF but also NQF are in dire need to streamline the education system of Nepal. However, there are many challenges and issues both at the policy level and at the implementation stage. These challenges and issues need to be strategically addressed from the very beginning of the NVQF project, otherwise, it could be just like “pouring water into sand”.<em> </em><em></em></p> Anoj Bhattarai ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 27 Sep 2017 11:01:56 +0000 Motivation of Persons with Disabilities towards Mainstream Vocational Training The present study has explored the motivational factors to join the vocational training programs among persons with disabilities in Nepal. Based on the phenomenological approach, I conducted in-depth interviews with purposively selected eight persons with disabilities who had been undergoing short-term vocational training courses. I followed the thematic analysis technique to analyze the data. With the help of major content theories of motivation and the social role theory of gender differences, I discussed the study results. The participants’ expressions revealed that the motivating factors were employment, suitability of training to the type of impairment, utilization of free time, advice from relatives, opportunity to get training for free, personal interest, and a strong desire to do something. The results showed that both extrinsic and intrinsic factors were functioning as the motivators for the learners. Their perceptions supported the traditional gender-based selection of occupations. The study showed the need to adopt relevant measures to leverage the learners’ motivation for learning throughout the training.<br /><br /> Eka Raj Adhikari ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 27 Sep 2017 11:01:57 +0000 Perception and Practices of Academic Leadership in Technical Schools <p>This qualitative case study research explored leaders’ and faculty members’ perspectives on the nature of academic leadership at the technical schools in Kathmandu Valley. The study aimed to gain insights about academic leadership as practiced in a Nepalese technical school. Data for the study was collected from leaders and faculty members of technical schools in Kathmandu Valley through semi-structured interviews which were then analyzed thematically. Following an interpretivist worldview and drawing insights from leadership theories enabled understanding of the academic leadership practices at the technical schools. The study revealed that differences in the perspectives of leaders and faculty members on academic leadership at technical schools are influenced by the leadership knowledge, experience and training of leaders. Further, the study illustrated that understanding of academic leadership is affected by the Nepalese culture.</p> Ramesh Kumar Chauhan ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 27 Sep 2017 11:01:58 +0000 An Ethnographic Inquiry on Injecting Drug Users towards Vocational Training <p>In this study, I pursued to gain an in-depth understanding on vocational education and training (VET) of injecting drug users residing in rehabilitation in Kathmandu valley. Two rehabilitation centers that accommodate institutionalized injecting drug users were purposively selected for the study in which six participants voluntarily participated. An ethnographic narrative enquiry, which is the qualitative research methodology, was employed to gain insight into their lived experiences and perception towards VET. The themes that emerged from the findings were interspersed by focusing on a range of sociological theories. This study brings to the fore that injecting drug user has affirmative impression towards VET and understands the importance of VET but is not willing to study anymore. Participants’ perception understood earning money is more important than getting VET and they understood that it is too late to study and they are not able to study any more due to the use and abuse of drugs and their study habits have been destroyed by the drugs.</p> Amit Koirala ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 27 Sep 2017 11:01:58 +0000 Role of Capacity/Skill Development Trainings in Rural Livelihood: A Case Study of Hapur, Dang <p>Education has transformative potential if it is connected to people’s life and their livelihood. And education has been seen as a means of developing capabilities, promoting employment potentials, and reducing poverty in rural communities. Reflecting upon those ideas, this study explained transformative role of capacity/skill development training on livelihood in rural contexts. There is no doubt, capable, knowledgeable and skillful youths have been playing change agent role especially in local levels. The study applied quantitative case study research methodology to test the significant relationship between study variables. Questionnaires, and key informant interview techniques were applied while collecting data information. Set of questionnaires were filled up with 108 respondents selected by using stratified random sampling methods. The study found significant role of capacity/skill development trainings on rural livelihoods. Further, skilled and capable youths are becoming human capital in the society and working for transforming social capital. They are also generating household economy by involving in income generate activities. The study concluded that capacity/skill development training program conducting in local level help to nourish knowledge, ability and develop vocational skills of male and female youths. And they are now playing transformative role in the society and achieving rural prosperity. Therefore, findings of the study can become fruitful guidelines to the policy makers and planners in local levels.</p> Rajan Binayek Pasa ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 27 Sep 2017 11:01:59 +0000 Understanding Trainers Implementing their Occupational Skill in Delivering Training The objective of this study was to understand the vocational instructional implementation of occupational skill while delivering hardware maintenance training in Kavraplanchok district of Nepal. A case study research design was applied while carrying out this study. All together five participants were purposefully selected for the study. The study reveals that the training was taken for granted by the trainees. Lack of equipment, tools and resources, same teaching learning methodology, focus on tradition lecture methods and limited time frame were the hindering factor during the implementation of occupational skills by the trainers. Pashupati Joshi ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 27 Sep 2017 11:01:59 +0000 Voyage from the Himalayas to the Highlands: Reflections in Technical Education This paper reflects on my journey from the Nepal to the United Kingdom UK) as a student initially and then as a National Health Service (NHS) Grampian’s employee. The purpose of developing this paper was to draw insights on the factors that pulled me as an urban youth for studying and<br />living in the UK and to present the significance of skills-based technical education for the changing job market. I used analytic autoethnography to carry out this research, where I presented past epiphanies and consecutively interpreted the strong memories of those lived experiences and observations to broaden my theoretical understandings. I argued based on my lived experiences that the scope of the market based technical education is globally prevalent. For this, I have sequentially presented my stories of self-realizations and skills acquisition in the developed country such as the UK from the theoretical ideas of ethnoscapes, new and intelligent urbanism, and credentialism. Moreover, I have illuminated the relevance and significance of market based technical<br />education courses for competing not only in Nepal but also in the global job market of the UK through self-reflection. Findings in this paper suggest the need for the international students to be pre-equipped with market based skills and to opt for market oriented subjects preferably from the field of technical education. Anup Bhurtel ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 27 Sep 2017 11:02:00 +0000 ICT Pedagogy in Higher Education: A Constructivist Approach <p>Information and communication technology (ICT) has been an integral part of pedagogy in educational institutions in general and higher education in particular. My focus in this paper is to see how ICT plays a role in constructing knowledge and improving learning in the higher educational institutions. The arguments are based on the review of existing ICT related literature, and in- depth interviews with few ICT pedagogy and social constructivist related educationists. So, the method applied is qualitative. First, ICT plays a role of a means to an end in the sense that it carries messages with higher level of accuracy. Second, it makes the interactions among the target group ‘living’ and creates the environment for effective learning. Third, ICT links the performers (teachers and students) in the learning groups cognitively and affectively to transform the unit of learning among the learners. This means that ICT plays a vital role in the part of the learners in which they are liberated from their teachers’ dominance.</p> Anila Jha ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 27 Sep 2017 11:02:01 +0000