A Comparative Study of Dexmedetomidine and Esmolol on Hemodynamic Responses During Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

  • Sangeeta Subba 1Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain Management, Nobel Medical College Teaching Hospital, Biratnagar https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3107-8911
  • Richa Mishra 1Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain Management, Nobel Medical College Teaching Hospital, Biratnagar
  • Rupak Bhattarai Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain Management, Nobel Medical College Teaching Hospital, Biratnagar
  • Arjun Chhetri Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Neuro Cardio and Multispeciality Hospital Pvt. Ltd., Biratnagar
Keywords: Cholecystectomy, Dexmedetomidine, Hemodynamic

Abstract

Background: Laparoscopic surgery has various advantages like minimal invasiveness and quick recovery. However carbon dioxide used for pneumoperitoneum during laparoscopic surgery causes increase in heart rate, blood pressure and systemic vascular resistance. The present study compared the efficacy of Dexmedetomidine and Esmolol on hemodynamic responses during laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

Material and Methods: A total of 100 patients scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomly allocated in two groups, 50 in each group. Esmolol group received bolus dose of 1 mg/kg intravenous Esmolol just before pneumoperitoneum followed by an infusion of 200 mcg/kg/minand Dexmeditomidine group  received bolus dose of 1 mcg/kg iv Dexmedetomidine over 10 minutes before pneumoperitoneum  followed by 0.6 mcg/kg/hr in infusion. Hemodynamic parameters like Heart rate, Mean arterial pressure, Systolic blood pressure, Diastolic blood pressure were recorded at different time intervals.

Results: It was found that in Dexmeditomidine group  there was a statistically significant decrease in heart rate before pneumoperitoneum (84.24±9.17) and 10 minutes after pneumoperitoneum (79.40±7.41)compared to Esmolol Group  before pneumoperitoneum (91.40±5.98) and10 minutes after pneumoperitoneum (95.18±14.17).There was statistically significant decrease in Mean arterial pressure in Dexmeditomidine group  at  30 minutes (86.53±6.13), 50 minutes (77.95±4.85) , after release of pneumoperitoneum (92.42±3.91) and after extubation (99.50±11.81) compared  to Esmolol group  at 30 minutes (91.23±8.97), 50 minutes (94.34±12.64) after release of pneumoperitoneum (102.5±10.44) and after extubation (112.39±11.15).

Conclusion: Dexmedetomidine was found to be more effective than Esmolol in attenuating the hemodynamic responses following pneumoperitoneum during laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

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Author Biography

Sangeeta Subba, 1Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain Management, Nobel Medical College Teaching Hospital, Biratnagar

Lecturer

Published
2019-12-16
How to Cite
Subba, S., Mishra, R., Bhattarai, R., & Chhetri, A. (2019). A Comparative Study of Dexmedetomidine and Esmolol on Hemodynamic Responses During Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy. Journal of Nobel Medical College, 8(2), 26-30. https://doi.org/10.3126/jonmc.v8i2.26740
Section
Original Articles