Participation of Community in Prevention and Control of Dengue Fever in Dharan Sub Metropolitan City of Province No 1, Nepal

  • Dharanidhar Baral School of Public Health & Community Medicine, BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal, http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3726-8161
  • Anup Ghimire School of Public Health & Community Medicine, BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal
  • Samyog Uprety School of Public Health & Community Medicine, BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal
  • Sailesh Mani Pokharel Faculty of Medical and Allied Science, Purbanchal University
  • Siddhant Baral 3rd-year MBBS, BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal
Keywords: Community participation, Control practices, Dengue fever

Abstract

Background: Dengue fever is known as a break-bone fever and its common symptoms are headaches, high grade fever, muscular, bone pains and decrease of platelets count. Community participation involving local government and household participants in controlling breeding areas of dengue mosquitoes is the only cost-effective and sustainable activities of ensuring prevention and control of Dengue fever. This study aimed to assess the perception of the general population regarding community participation in the prevention of dengue and to verify its effectiveness with the control practices observed at the homes in Dharan sub-metropolitan city of Province No 1.

Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 250 households at the Dharan sub-metropolitan city of Province no. 1 in Nepal from August to October 2019. The technique of sample collection was done using purposive sampling and data were collected using a pretested close-ended questionnaire and observational checklists.

Results: Slightly over half of the respondents 129 (51.6%) reported a positive attitude regarding community practice and almost three out of five 157 (62.8%) houses were observed to have good dengue control practices. The univariate results revealed attitude of households regarding community participation were significantly associated with the control practices observed in their homes (p<0.001).

Conclusion: The study concludes that good community participation in collaboration with health volunteers and health institutions can have a positive impact on the dengue control practices at the household level. Hence, the spread of dengue out-break can be controlled by active collaborative community participation.  

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
195
PDF
141

Author Biography

Dharanidhar Baral, School of Public Health & Community Medicine, BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal,

Assistant Professor

Published
2020-12-11
How to Cite
Baral, D., Ghimire, A., Uprety, S., Pokharel, S., & Baral, S. (2020). Participation of Community in Prevention and Control of Dengue Fever in Dharan Sub Metropolitan City of Province No 1, Nepal. Journal of Nobel Medical College, 9(2), 28-33. https://doi.org/10.3126/jonmc.v9i2.33355
Section
Original Articles