Cervical Epidural Anaesthesia with Ropivacaine for Modified Radical Mastectomy

Authors

  • K Kulkarni Department of Anaesthesia D.Y. Patil Medical College, Kolhapur Maharashtra
  • IJ Namazi Department of Anaesthesia D.Y. Patil Medical College, Kolhapur Maharashtra
  • S Deshpande Department of Anaesthesia D.Y. Patil Medical College, Kolhapur Maharashtra
  • R Goel Department of Anaesthesia D.Y. Patil Medical College, Kolhapur Maharashtra

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/kumj.v11i2.12487

Keywords:

Bupivacaine, cervical epidural anaesthesia, radical mastectomy, ropivacaine

Abstract

Background

Cervical epidural anaesthesia (CEA) using local anesthetics (LA) is a well established technique for the surgeries in the neck, chest and upper arms. Recently ropivacaine is introduced with better safety profile.

Objectives

The aim was to observe the safety of Cervical epidural anaesthesia as an anaesthetic technique and to compare the efficacy of epidural 0.25% bupivacaine with 0.375% ropivacaine for radical mastectomies.

Methods

A double blind study was conducted on 40 ASA grade I / II females who received CEA with 10 ml of 0.25% of bupivacaine +25μg of fentanyl in group B (n=20) and 10 ml of 0.375% of ropivacaine +25μg of fentanyl in group R (n=20) epidurally. Assessment of the block, vital monitoring and complications noted.

Results

No significant differences observed in the onset of sensory block (5.05min and 5.4min in group B and R respectively, P>0.05).The mean motor blockade score, time to achieve complete blockade and time to grade I motor recovery was significantly longer in group B (2.3, 22.5 and 79.5 minutes respectively) as compared to group R (1.5, 18.3 and 66.3 minutes respectively, P<0.05). Respiratory distress developed in two patients of group B that required general anaesthesia (GA) with intubation.

Conclusion

Use of 0.37% ropivacaine is safer than 0.25% bupivacaine for CEA for radical mastectomy. It provides good surgical anaesthesia with lesser degree of motor blockade and the respiratory effects.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/kumj.v11i2.12487

Kathmandu University Medical Journal Vol.11(2) 2013: 126-131

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Published

2015-05-02

How to Cite

Kulkarni, K., Namazi, I., Deshpande, S., & Goel, R. (2015). Cervical Epidural Anaesthesia with Ropivacaine for Modified Radical Mastectomy. Kathmandu University Medical Journal, 11(2), 126–131. https://doi.org/10.3126/kumj.v11i2.12487

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Section

Original Articles