Epidemiological and Outcome Analysis of Orthopedic Implants Removal in Kathmandu University Hospital

Authors

  • R Shrestha Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology Kathmandu University Hospital - Dhulikhel Hospital Kathamndu University School of Medical Science Dhulikhel
  • D Shrestha Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology Kathmandu University Hospital - Dhulikhel Hospital Kathamndu University School of Medical Science Dhulikhel
  • D Dhoju Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology Kathmandu University Hospital - Dhulikhel Hospital Kathamndu University School of Medical Science Dhulikhel
  • N Parajuli Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology Kathmandu University Hospital - Dhulikhel Hospital Kathamndu University School of Medical Science Dhulikhel
  • B Bhandari Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology Kathmandu University Hospital - Dhulikhel Hospital Kathamndu University School of Medical Science Dhulikhel
  • SR Kayastha Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology Kathmandu University Hospital - Dhulikhel Hospital Kathamndu University School of Medical Science Dhulikhel

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/kumj.v11i2.12489

Keywords:

Fracture Management, internal fixation, implant removal, orthopedic hardware, resurgery

Abstract

Background

Orthopedic Implant removal is one of the commonly performed elective orthopedic surgeries. Implants are generally removed after the purpose of keeping implant is solved by healing of the fracture, but there is no consensus whether routine implant removal should be a policy for all fractures that were fixed.

Objective

This study aims to analyze the epidemiology and outcome of implant removal surgery carried out in the past three years in Kathmandu University Hospital.

Methods

Patients who underwent implant removal between 2010 January to 2012 December constituted the study cohort. Demographic data, indications, types of hardware and location of fractures were recorded. Similarly, duration of surgery, type of anesthesia and duration of hospital stay were recorded. All the patients who had undergone implant removal in this three years period were called for follow up examination but those who were not able to come were interviewed on telephone.

Results

There were 275 implant removals constituting 7.8% of total orthopedic operations and 26.3% of fracture fixations. Male to Female ratio was 189: 86. Pediatric age group (34.5%) had the highest incidence of implant removal. Moderate sized implants were the commonest hardwares removed (63.2%). Femur (27.3%) followed by radius (26.9%) were the commonest bone for implant removal. Average operative time was 47.3 minutes with average hospital inpatient stay of 2.6 days. Commonest indication for the implant removal procedure was pain (45%).

Conclusion

Implant removal procedures are one of the most commonly performed elective orthopedic surgeries. Though, after orthopedic implants removal, pain relief can be expected but it is not so predictive and hence patient should be well counseled before and the indications for implant removal has to be evaluated for better patient satisfaction and safety.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/kumj.v11i2.12489

Kathmandu University Medical Journal Vol.11(2) 2013: 139-143

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Published

2015-05-02

How to Cite

Shrestha, R., Shrestha, D., Dhoju, D., Parajuli, N., Bhandari, B., & Kayastha, S. (2015). Epidemiological and Outcome Analysis of Orthopedic Implants Removal in Kathmandu University Hospital. Kathmandu University Medical Journal, 11(2), 139–143. https://doi.org/10.3126/kumj.v11i2.12489

Issue

Section

Original Articles