Diabetes mellitus: A review of its associations with different environmental factors

Authors

  • SK Joshi Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Kathmandu Medical College, Kathmandu
  • S Shrestha Medical Officer, Kakani Primary Health Center, Nuwakot

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/kumj.v8i1.3233

Keywords:

arsenic, diabetes, environment, mercury, occupation, POPs, sleep, socio-economic status, stress

Abstract

Diabetes Mellitus is a global health problem with a worldwide prevalence of 2.8% in 2000. Type 1 diabetes mellitus is an auto immune disorder genetically mediated, while type 2 is more of a life style induced disorder although the role of genetic susceptibility, infections are also equally strong. Many studies have backed up these statements. However, there have been very few researches that show association of diabetes with environmental factors like pollution, exposure to chemicals e.g. mercury, arsenic, psychological condition e.g. depression, stress, and socio-economic conditions e.g. occupation, earnings etc. Recently, the role of these factors in causation and progression of diabetes have received much attention. Thus, this review has been designed to explore more on association of diabetes with physical, socio-economic and psychological environment.

Key words: arsenic; diabetes; environment; mercury; occupation; POPs; sleep; socio-economic status; stress

DOI: 10.3126/kumj.v8i1.3233

Kathmandu University Medical Journal (2010), Vol. 8, No. 1, Issue 29, 109-115

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How to Cite

Joshi, S., & Shrestha, S. (2010). Diabetes mellitus: A review of its associations with different environmental factors. Kathmandu University Medical Journal, 8(1), 109–115. https://doi.org/10.3126/kumj.v8i1.3233

Issue

Section

Review Articles