Age-Related Macular Degeneration in Nepal

  • R Thapa Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology, Gaushala, Kathmandu
  • G Paudyal Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology, Gaushala, Kathmandu
  • M K Shrestha Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology, Gaushala, Kathmandu
  • R Gurung Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology, Gaushala, Kathmandu
  • S Ruit Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology, Gaushala, Kathmandu
Keywords: agriculture, dry macular degeneration, hypertension, illiterate, smoking, wet macular degeneration

Abstract

Background

The Age–related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is a common cause of visual impairment and blindness worldwide in elderly.

Objective

This study aimed to explore the demographic characteristics, pattern and risk factors for AMD at a tertiary referral eye centre in Nepal.

Methods

This is a hospital-based prospective study, conducted at Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology, Nepal from September 2008 to May 2009. All the consecutive cases of AMD diagnosed at the institute were included.

Results

A total of 141 patients (266 eyes) with AMD recruited for the study. The mean age was 69.5 years (9.1SD) with three fifth males (58.9%). Housewives and occupations like agriculture comprised of 38.3% and 42.5% respectively. Three fourth (75.6%) of the patients were illiterate. The proportion of dry and wet AMD were found in 62.4% and 37.6% respectively. Bilateral involvement was seen in 88.7% of the subjects. Three fourth (71.4%) of the AMD eyes had presenting visual acuity less than 6/18. History of smoking was found in 69.9% of patients. Hypertension was the predominant systemic problem (45.4%) followed by diabetes mellitus (12.8%).

Conclusion

AMD is correlated with ageing in our study as well. Dry AMD is more in age groups 45-64 years and wet AMD at 65 years and older. Bilateral involvement with one eye dry and fellow eye wet AMD is more predominant (44%). Smoking and occupations like agriculture and housewife are significant risk factors for AMD. Likewise male sex, illiteracy and hypertension are other risk factors for AMD in hospital settings.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/kumj.v9i3.6298

Kathmandu Univ Med J 2011;9(3):165-9

 

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Published
2012-06-11
How to Cite
Thapa, R., Paudyal, G., Shrestha, M., Gurung, R., & Ruit, S. (2012). Age-Related Macular Degeneration in Nepal. Kathmandu University Medical Journal, 9(3), 165-169. https://doi.org/10.3126/kumj.v9i3.6298
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Original Articles