Clinical, MRI and Arthroscopic Correlation in Internal Derangement of Knee

  • U K Sharma Department of Radiology, B&B Teaching Hospital, Lalitpur
  • B K Shrestha Department of Orthopaedics, B&B Teaching Hospital, Lalitpur
  • S Rijal Department of Orthopaedics, B&B Teaching Hospital, Lalitpur
  • B Bijukachhe Department of Orthopaedics, B&B Teaching Hospital, Lalitpur
  • R Barakoti Department of Orthopaedics, B&B Teaching Hospital, Lalitpur
  • B Banskota Department of Orthopaedics, B&B Teaching Hospital, Lalitpur
  • I Pradhan Department of Orthopaedics, B&B Teaching Hospital, Lalitpur
  • A K Banskota Department of Orthopaedics, B&B Teaching Hospital, Lalitpur
Keywords: arthroscospy, knee, MRI

Abstract

Background

The traumatic or degenerative internal derangement of the knee requires certain investigations for the establishment of diagnosis, in addition to clinical history and a thorough physical examination. The use of arthrography and arthroscopy improves the accuracy of the diagnosis. MRI scanning of the knee joint has often been regarded as the noninvasive alternative to diagnostic arthroscopy.

Objective

The purpose of the study was to correlate clinical and low field MRI findings with arthroscopy in internal derangement of the knee.

Methods

Forty one patients with suspected internal derangement of the knee were subjected to MR examination followed by arthroscopy. Clinical criteria used were history, mode of injury, Mc Murray’s, Apley’s grinding, Thessaly’s test for meniscal injury. Drawer test was considered to be essential for clinical diagnosis of cruciate ligament injury. MRI of the knee was performed in low field open magnet (0.35T, Magnetom C, Seimens). Arthroscopy was done within two months of MR examination and was considered gold standard for the internal derangement of the knee.

Results

The sensitivity, specificity, diagnostic accuracy of clinical examination were 96.1%, 33.3% and 73.1% respectively for medial meniscal tear; 38.4%, 96.4% and 78.1% respectively for lateral meniscal tear. The sensitivity, specificity, diagnostic accuracy of MRI were 92.3%,100% and 95.1% for medial meniscal tear; 84.6%96.4% and 92.6% respectively for lateral meniscal tear.

Conclusion

Clinical examination showed higher sensitivity for medial meniscal tear compared to MRI, however with low specificity and diagnostic accuracy. Low field MRI showed high sensitivity, specificity, diagnostic accuracy for meniscal and cruciate ligament injury, in addition to associated derangement like articular cartilage damage, synovial thickening.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/kumj.v9i3.6300

Kathmandu Univ Med J 2011;9(3):174-8

 

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Published
2012-06-11
How to Cite
Sharma, U., Shrestha, B., Rijal, S., Bijukachhe, B., Barakoti, R., Banskota, B., Pradhan, I., & Banskota, A. (2012). Clinical, MRI and Arthroscopic Correlation in Internal Derangement of Knee. Kathmandu University Medical Journal, 9(3), 174-178. https://doi.org/10.3126/kumj.v9i3.6300
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Original Articles