Physico-Chemical and Bacteriological Investigation on the River Cauvery of Kollegal Stretch in Karnataka

  • K Venkatesharaju Department of Environmental Sciences, Bangalore University, Bangalore
  • P Ravikumar Department of Environmental Sciences, Bangalore University, Bangalore
  • RK Somashekar Department of Environmental Sciences, Bangalore University, Bangalore
  • KL Prakash Department of Environmental Sciences, Bangalore University, Bangalore

Abstract

Cauvery River is the major river system of south India was studied for 19 prime physicochemical
and 2 bacteriological parameters at six locations of the Kollegal stretch, for a period
of Two years (2006–2008) at monthly intervals. Over the years of time, river has been
subjected to human interference regularly and water quality was to be getting deteriorated
profoundly. Major anthropogenic activities practiced in and around the stretch: agriculture,
abstraction of water for irrigation and drinking, washing cloths and utensils, discharging of
sewage waste, sand dredging, boating, fishing, open defecation and religious ritual activities
along the stretch were generating serious threat to the biota of the river by altering the
physicochemical and biological concentration of the river system. The seasonal and yearly
trends were discussed to comprehend anthropogenic interferences on the river stretch.
Correlation analysis was also been tried in between physico-chemical parameters. The pH,
Conductance, Alkalinity and Hardness levels indicate the moderate quality of water. The
values of DO, BOD and COD levels indicate the absence of major organic pollution sources.
Seasonal and yearly averages of plant nutrients like phosphate, nitrates, potassium and also
sulphates at drain out falls and mixing zones, were not showing any significant variation in
their concentration indicate no sign of problems like eutrophication, which is generally raise
due to agricultural and sewage wastes. The other possibility is that since there are no major
industries in the project area, the major source of organic pollutants is only the domestic
source. Population density spread over sparsely located villages like Dasanapura and Harle
certainly contributes towards total and fecal coliforms as excreta of the villagers due to lack
of toilets in their houses. Thus present study concludes that river water was not polluted; all
results are within permissible limit when compared with Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS)
and National River water quality standards.

DOI: 10.3126/kuset.v6i1.3310

Kathmandu University Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology Vol.6(1) 2010, pp50-59

Abstract
0
PDF
0
How to Cite
Venkatesharaju, K., Ravikumar, P., Somashekar, R., & Prakash, K. (1). Physico-Chemical and Bacteriological Investigation on the River Cauvery of Kollegal Stretch in Karnataka. Kathmandu University Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology, 6(1), 50-59. https://doi.org/10.3126/kuset.v6i1.3310
Section
Original Research Articles