Planting Materials Seed Systems of Finger Millet, Rice and Taro in Jumla, Kaski and Bara Districts of Nepal

Authors

  • Bimal K Baniya Nepal Agricultural Research Council, Khumaltar, Kathmandu
  • Radha K Tiwari Nepal Agricultural Research Council, Khumaltar, Kathmandu
  • Pashupati Chaudhary Local Initiatives for Biodiversity, Research and Development (LI-BIRD), Pokhara
  • Surendra K Shrestha Nepal Agricultural Research Council, Khumaltar, Kathmandu
  • Pushpa R Tiwari Local Initiatives for Biodiversity, Research and Development (LI-BIRD), Pokhara

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/narj.v6i0.3343

Keywords:

Seed flow, seed production, seed selection, seed storage, seed system

Abstract

Formal and informal seed supply systems of rice (Jumla, Bara and Kaski), finger millet and taro
(Kaski) were studied in three ecosites of Nepal during 1999-2001 to understand the processes of
seed flow, seed production, seed selection and storage systems. A survey was conducted at 48 to
96 households. Informal seed supply was the only system in Jumla and Kaski and formal system
existed only in Bara. The main sources of seed were farmer's own saved seed (67-91%), seed
from neighbors and relatives. Exchange of germplasm was the main basis of fulfillment from
other sources. All farmers obtained seed from their own village, while farmers introduced
materials occasionally from outside village. Most of the farmers followed seed selection before
or after crop harvest. Rice field selection and plant selection based on a fixed set of criteria was
the common practice. Non lodged plants with more grain per panicle, bold grains, well-matured
and uniform plants, long panicle, true to type, good looking grains, free from diseases and
insects were the main rice seed selection criteria. All farmers from both sites stored rice seeds by
local methods in the locally available containers. Mor and Mudkothi are the special straw
containers to store rice seed in Bara. Dhara is a special mud structure used to store rice seeds in
Jumla. Finger millet seed supply system was mostly similar to that of rice seed system. Ninety
one percent farmers saved seed for their own use; however, many of them changed finger millet
seeds lots or varieties regularly for their particular plot. Ears selection during harvest by set
criteria for seed purpose was the common practice. Farmers stored finger millet seed carefully in
small locally available containers and tried their best to maintain the quality of seed during
different stage of seed production. Taro has diverse planting materials: cormels, corms with
eyes, suckers and corm with small cormels. Taro planting materials management is totally
informal and almost 89% farmers saved these materials for their use and replaced them mostly
after 3 years. Farmers had fixed criteria of corms and cormels selection for planting purpose and
focus and more on disease free. Storage of planting materials was locally by using local
materials and methods. Understanding of seed system in various crops helps to develop
conservation strategy.

Key words: Seed flow; seed production; seed selection; seed storage; seed system

DOI: 10.3126/narj.v6i0.3343

Nepal Agriculture Research Journal Vol.6 2005 pp.39-48

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How to Cite

Baniya, B. K., Tiwari, R. K., Chaudhary, P., Shrestha, S. K., & Tiwari, P. R. (2010). Planting Materials Seed Systems of Finger Millet, Rice and Taro in Jumla, Kaski and Bara Districts of Nepal. Nepal Agriculture Research Journal, 6, 10–22. https://doi.org/10.3126/narj.v6i0.3343

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