Resistance in Rice Breeding Lines to the Blast Fungus in Nepal

Authors

  • Bedanand Chaudhary National Rice Research Program, Hardinath-Dhanusha-Nepal
  • Sundar M Shrestha Institute of Agriculture and Animal Sciences, Rampur-Nepal
  • Ram C Sharma Institute of Agriculture and Animal Sciences, Rampur-Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/narj.v6i0.3344

Keywords:

Blast resistance, field condition, greenhouse assay, Pyricularia grisea, rice lines

Abstract

A total of 36 rice breeding lines including checks were evaluated for resistance to blast at
Rampur during 2000-2001. The experiments were conducted under both field condition and
greenhouse inoculated condition. Qualitative resistance in rice to blast was assessed based on
lesion type, whereas quantitative resistance was assessed based on area under disease progress
curve (AUDPC) in the upland field condition. The number of sporulating lesions and the number
of leaves with at least one sporulating lesion per plant were considered as measures for
evaluation of quantitative resistance in the greenhouse assay. The lesion type, neck blast
percentage and AUDPC data suggest that most of the rice lines possess higher level of resistance
to leaf and neck blast. The rice lines varied for the number of sporulating lesions and the number
of leaves with sporulating lesion per plant. Some lines were incompatible to virulent blast
isolates, showing major resistance genes. NR 1558, NR 601-1-1-9, BW306-2 and CN 836-3-10
were promising lines for quantitative resistance to both leaf and neck blast. Radha 12, Sabitri,
Janaki possess higher level of quantitative resistance to blast, hence these could be promoted for
cultivation in blast-prone environments. These genotypes could also be utilized as donor parents
for breeding durable blast resistant varieties. The most virulent blast isolate could be used for
evaluation of both qualitative and quantitative resistance to blast in early generation in the
greenhouse so that workload could be cut down in future works.

Key words: Blast resistance; field condition; greenhouse assay; Pyricularia grisea; rice lines

DOI: 10.3126/narj.v6i0.3344

Nepal Agriculture Research Journal Vol.6 2005 pp.49-56

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How to Cite

Chaudhary, B., Shrestha, S. M., & Sharma, R. C. (2010). Resistance in Rice Breeding Lines to the Blast Fungus in Nepal. Nepal Agriculture Research Journal, 6, 49–56. https://doi.org/10.3126/narj.v6i0.3344

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