Evaluation of panicle architecture traits in rice genotypes using PTRAP

Authors

  • Anil Gautam Nepali Army Institute of Agriculture Sciences, Tribhuvan University, Nepal https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8491-2554
  • Abhishek Shrestha College of Natural Resource Management, Bardibas, Agriculture and Forestry University, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/narj.v15i1.51533

Keywords:

Rachis length, Rice, Panicle architecture, Panicle length, Grain yield

Abstract

An experiment was conducted with the objective of evaluating panicle architecture traits of different genotypes of rice in relation to yield during June to November 2020. The experiment was conducted in randomized complete block design with three replications and forty-two treatments. The graphical user interface used image analysis tool Panicle Trait Phenotyping (PTRAP) was used to record architecture and yield related traits. Among genotypes, the highest yield was found in high yielding late variety Sampurna (6.1t/ha) with highest number of both primary (16.33) and secondary branches (53.33). Four different types of panicle size-irregular, conical, diamond like and pyramid shaped panicle were identified in 42 genotypes. Correlation analysis revealed significant (p=0.05) and positive correlation of grain yield with architecture traits i.e., number of primary branches (r=0.88), length of primary branches (r=0.89), number of secondary branches(r=0.69), number of nodes (r=84). The correlation between spikelet number and other variables related to number of primary branches was higher than correlation with variables related to length of primary branch. The increase in number of panicle rachis length, number of primary and secondary branches and length of primary branches resulted in increased spikelet number per panicle and grain yield. It can be concluded the architectural traits like rachis length, number of primary secondary branches, and secondary branches and length of primary branches were the most important in improving panicle architecture and crop yield.

 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
48
PDF
137

Downloads

Published

2023-02-01

How to Cite

Gautam, A. ., & Shrestha, A. . (2023). Evaluation of panicle architecture traits in rice genotypes using PTRAP. Nepal Agriculture Research Journal, 15(1), 115–124. https://doi.org/10.3126/narj.v15i1.51533

Issue

Section

Articles