Etiologies of Optic Disc Edema in Tertiary Eye Care Centre in Nepal

  • Keepa Vaidya Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology, Bagmati Bridge, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Sanjeeb Bhandari Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology, Bagmati Bridge, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Reeta Gurung Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology, Bagmati Bridge, Kathmandu, Nepal
Keywords: Optic disc edema, Papilledema, Pseudo papilledema, Ischemic optic neuropathy

Abstract

Introduction: Optic disc edema is a common clinical finding that can be caused by benign to vision and or life-threatening conditions.

Objective: To investigate the etiologies of optic disc edema among patients presenting to Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Materials and Methods: A retrospective chart review of patients with optic disc edema presenting to Neuro-ophthalmology department of Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology from May 2012 to May 2014, was made.

Results: 98 patients were diagnosed with disc edema. Females (64%) were frequently affected. It was noted more in the 21 – 50 age groups. Papilledema was the most frequent cause (35.7%) of disc edema followed by papillitis (28.6%), pseudopapilledma (18.4%) and ischemia (17.3%), respectively. Brain tumors (13%) were the most common etiology for papilledema.

Conclusion: Papilledema along with other causes, are common etiologies for disc edema. A detailed history and careful evaluation are necessary as the treatment strategy highly depends on it’s underlying etiologies.

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Abstract
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Published
2018-12-03
How to Cite
Vaidya, K., Bhandari, S., & Gurung, R. (2018). Etiologies of Optic Disc Edema in Tertiary Eye Care Centre in Nepal. Nepalese Journal of Ophthalmology, 10(2), 139-142. https://doi.org/10.3126/nepjoph.v10i2.19472
Section
Original Articles