Prevalence and Profile of Central Serous Chorioretinopathy in an Indian Cohort

  • Niroj Kumar Sahoo L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad
  • Sumit Randhir Singh L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad
  • Priyanka Kammari L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad
  • Ganesh Babu Jonnadula L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad
  • Anthony Vipin Das L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad
  • Jay Chhablani L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad
Keywords: Central serous chorioretinopathy, CSCR, clinical profile, India

Abstract

Aims: To determine the profile of CSCR patients from a tertiary health care set-up in India.

Methods and Material: A total of 2780 (2447 males and 333 females) patients with a diagnosis of CSCR were included. Data regarding the demographics, profile of CSCR and systemic diseases, if any, were collected from a tertiary eye care network in South India from January 2012 to December 2016.

Results: The prevalence of CSCR was found to be 1.7% (A total 2780 patients, with mean age of 42.3±10.1 years). A total of 2031 patients had a unilateral and 749 had bilateral involvement. Acute and chronic CSCR was seen in 1932 (69.5%) and 848 (30.5%) eyes respectively. The mean uncorrected visual acuity of the patients was 0.51±0.45 log MAR (Snellen equivalent 20/60) while the mean best corrected visual acuity was 0.32±0.40 log MAR (Snellen equivalent 20/40). History of smoking and steroid use was present in 214 (7.7%) and 758 (27.3%) individuals respectively. Hypertension and diabetes mellitus was present in 106 (3.8%) and 51 (1.8%) patients respectively. Most of patients {824 (29.6%) patients} were shift-workers. Laser was done in 336 (12.1%) acute and 223 (8%) chronic CSCR patients. Photodynamic therapy was used in 12 acute and 12 chronic cases.

Conclusion: Prevalence of CSCR was 1.7%. The study provides an overview of patient profile among Indian subjects.

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Published
2019-09-02
How to Cite
Sahoo, N., Singh, S., Kammari, P., Jonnadula, G., Das, A., & Chhablani, J. (2019). Prevalence and Profile of Central Serous Chorioretinopathy in an Indian Cohort. Nepalese Journal of Ophthalmology, 11(1), 5-10. https://doi.org/10.3126/nepjoph.v11i1.25410
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Original Articles