School eye survey in rural population in UP, India

  • Y Gupta Professor, Institute of ophthalmology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, AMU, Aligarh, UP
  • RR Sukul Professor, Institute of ophthalmology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, AMU, Aligarh, UP
  • M Gupta Associate Professor, Department of Physiology, Institute of ophthalmology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, AMU, Aligarh, UP
  • A Phougat Resident, Institute of ophthalmology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, AMU, Aligarh, UP
  • R Jain Resident, Institute of ophthalmology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, AMU, Aligarh, UP
  • A Varshney Resident, Institute of ophthalmology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, AMU, Aligarh, UP
Keywords: Blepharitis

Abstract

Objective: To find out the prevalence of refractive errors and pattern of ocular morbidity amongst the school children of a rural village.

Materials and methods: A cross sectional study was carried out in children of age group 3 – 12 years in a rural village of Hathras, Uttar Pradesh, India. All the children were examined including visual acuity measurement using Snellen’s E chart, retinoscopy and refraction under cycloplegia. Examination of the anterior segment, media, and fundii was also done. Myopia was defined as spherical/cylindrical equivalent refractive error of at least -0.50 D and hypermetropia as +0.50 D or more (Dandona et al 2002).

Results: In the survey 220 eyes of 110 children were examined, majority of them were in 5-10 year age group. The prevalence of uncorrected visual acuity of 6/6 was 85.40%. Refractive error was the cause in 6.81% of eyes with vision impairment, out of which myopia and hypermetropia were present in 26.67% of eyes. Blepharo-conjunctivitis was present in 15.45% of children and Bitot’s spots were present in 0.90% of them. Colour blindness was found in one child.

Conclusion: The prevalence of refractive error in rural school is 6.81 %. Blepharitis is the commonest cause of ocular morbidity.  

DOI: 10.3126/nepjoph.v3i1.4282

Nepal J Ophthalmol 2011;3(5):78-79

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How to Cite
Gupta, Y., Sukul, R., Gupta, M., Phougat, A., Jain, R., & Varshney, A. (1). School eye survey in rural population in UP, India. Nepalese Journal of Ophthalmology, 3(1), 78-79. https://doi.org/10.3126/nepjoph.v3i1.4282
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