The Histopathological Spectrum and Clinico-Pathological Concordance in 85 Cases of Skin Biopsy: A Single Center Experience

  • Harendra Kumar Jha Department of Dermatology, College of Medical Science, Bharatpur, Chitwan, Nepal
  • Achyut Pokharel Chitwan Skin Clinic, Dermatologist/Dermatopathologist, Bharatpur, Chitwan, Nepal
Keywords: Biopsy, Retrospective study, Skin disease

Abstract

Introduction

Skin disease is common in developing countries but the spectrum varies widely. Skin biopsy is an important tool in confirming or establishing diagnoses in cases with diagnostic dilemmas. And, there may be a discrepancy between clinical and pathological diagnoses. 

Objective

To determine the spectrum of histological diagnoses in skin disease and to know the consistency between clinical and pathological diagnoses.

Materials and methods

A retrospective review of histological and clinical diagnoses was done at a multi-specialty hospital. A total of 85 cases were included in the study. Clinical and histological data along with demographic details, the site of the biopsy was noted. Concordance between clinical and pathological diagnosis was determined as concordant, partially concordant and discordant.

Results

There were 60% female and 40% male patients out of 85 biopsies. The most common age group was 31-40 years and the mean age was 41.24 years. The most common histological spectrum was infectious group in 29.4%, followed by papulosquamous disorders in 22.4% and eczema in 12.9% cases. The concordance between clinical and pathological diagnosis was 60%, while partial concordance was seen in 16.5% and discordance was seen in 23.5% cases.

Conclusion

Skin biopsy is an important tool in confirming clinical diagnoses. There is a wide variation of histological diagnoses and concordance with clinical diagnoses may be increased with proper clinical history, physical findings and differential diagnosis.

 

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Author Biography

Achyut Pokharel, Chitwan Skin Clinic, Dermatologist/Dermatopathologist, Bharatpur, Chitwan, Nepal

Dermatologist/Dermatopathologist, Chitwan Skin Clinic

Published
2021-04-02
How to Cite
Jha, H., & Pokharel, A. (2021). The Histopathological Spectrum and Clinico-Pathological Concordance in 85 Cases of Skin Biopsy: A Single Center Experience. Nepal Journal of Dermatology, Venereology & Leprology, 19(1), 20-24. https://doi.org/10.3126/njdvl.v19i1.33534
Section
Original Articles