Clinico-Histopathological Consistency in Dermatological Disorders in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kathmandu

Authors

  • Akankshya Shrestha Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Tsering Dolma Gurung Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Deepak Raj Joshi Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Dwarika Prasad Shrestha Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Kathmandu, Nepal https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9077-1463

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/njdvl.v22i1.63374

Keywords:

Clinical Diagnosis, Clinico-Histopathological Consistency, Histopathological Diagnosis, Skin Biopsy

Abstract

Introduction: A skin biopsy for histopathological examination is one of the most reliable investigations for confirming clinical diagnosis. When there is alignment of clinical and histopathological diagnosis, it demonstrates clinico-histopathological consistency. There is limited reported data on clinico-histopathological concordance in the context of Nepal.

Objectives: To determine the consistency of clinical and histopathological diagnosis of dermatological disorders.

Materials and Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on 551 patients who underwent skin biopsy at the Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, for a period of 1 year. Both inpatients and outpatients who had undergone a skin biopsy were included in the study. Demographic data, clinical and histopathological diagnoses were noted on a proforma sheet. Histopathological diagnoses, both definitive and  descriptive, were deemed consistent when they aligned with the clinical diagnoses. Conversely, if either definitive or descriptive histopathological diagnoses were not concordant with the clinical diagnoses, they were categorized as inconsistent.

Results: The mean age of patients was 41.42 (±18.42) years. The male to female ratio was 1:1.5. Out of 551 cases who underwent skin biopsy, clinico-histopathological consistency was found in 64.43% of cases (355), whereas clinico-histopathological inconsistency was present in 35.57% (196). The maximum concordance was present in eczematous disorders (58.06%), followed by immunobullous disorders (47.22%), and vasculitis (45.45%).

Conclusion: The overall clinico-histopathological consistency was 64.43%. Both experienced dermatologists and pathologists need to assist each other in providing a better understanding of the diagnostic process. This study  emphasizes need for this cooperation and will aid in evaluating clinico-histopathological consistency.

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Author Biographies

Akankshya Shrestha, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Kathmandu, Nepal

Resident, Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Kathmandu, Nepal

Tsering Dolma Gurung, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Kathmandu, Nepal

Resident, Department of Dermatology and Venereology,Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Kathmandu, Nepal

Deepak Raj Joshi, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Kathmandu, Nepal

Lecturer, Department of Community Medicine, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Kathmandu, Nepal

Dwarika Prasad Shrestha, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Kathmandu, Nepal

Professor, Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Kathmandu, Nepal

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Published

2024-04-02

How to Cite

Shrestha, A., Gurung, T. D., Joshi, D. R., & Shrestha, D. P. (2024). Clinico-Histopathological Consistency in Dermatological Disorders in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kathmandu. Nepal Journal of Dermatology, Venereology &Amp; Leprology, 22(1), 49–53. https://doi.org/10.3126/njdvl.v22i1.63374

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Original Articles