Quarantine, physical distancing and social isolation measures in individuals potentially exposed to SARS-CoV-2 in community settings and health services: a scoping review

Authors

  • Tereza Brenda Clementino de Freitas Department of Health Sciences, Biological and Health Sciences Center, Federal University of the Semi-Arid Region, Mossoró, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9489-3289
  • Rafaella Cristina Tavares Belo Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the State of Rio Grande do Norte, Mossoró, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0109-0306
  • Sabrina Mércia dos Santos Siebra Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the State of Rio Grande do Norte, Mossoró, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4123-3279
  • André de Macêdo Medeiros Department of Health Sciences, Biological and Health Sciences Center, Federal University of the Semi-Arid Region, Mossoró, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3278-1289
  • Teresinha Silva de Brito Department of Health Sciences, Biological and Health Sciences Center, Federal University of the Semi-Arid Region, Mossoró, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1713-9415
  • Sonia Elizabeth Lopez Carrillo Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the State of Rio Grande do Norte, Mossoró,  Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4498-0720
  • Israel Junior Borges do Nascimento Department of Health Sciences, Biological and Health Sciences Center, Federal University of the Semi-Arid Region, Mossoró, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5240-0493
  • Sidnei Miyoshi Sakamoto University Hospital and School of Medicine, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4116-0388
  • Maiara de Moraes Department of Pathology, Health Sciences Center, Federal University of the Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0602-4594

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/nje.v12i2.43838

Keywords:

Coronavirus, Confinement, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, Physical Distancing

Abstract

To provide a synthesis of diverse evidence on the impact of the non-therapeutic preventive measures, specifically quarantine, physical distancing and social isolation, on the control of COVID-19. A scoping review conducted in the PubMed, Embase, LILACS, CENTRAL and SCOPUS databases between 2019 and August 28th, 2020. The descriptors used were the following: “quarantine”, “physical distancing”, “social isolation”, “COVID-19” and “SARS-Cov2”. Studies that addressed the non-therapeutic preventive measures in people exposed to SARs-CoV-2 in community settings and health services were included. A total of 14,442 records identified through a database search were reduced to 346 studies and, after a standardized selection process, a total of 68 articles were selected for analysis. A total of 35 descriptive, cross-sectional or longitudinal observational studies were identified, as well as 3 reviews, in addition to 30 studies with mathematical modeling. The main intervention assessed was social distancing (56.6%), followed by lockdown (25.0%) and quarantine (18.4%). The main evidence analyzed points to the need for rapid responses to reduce the number of infections, deaths and hospital admissions, especially in intensive care unit beds.The current review revealed consistent reports that the quarantine, physical distancing and social isolation are effective strategies to contain spread of the new coronavirus.

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Author Biographies

Rafaella Cristina Tavares Belo, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the State of Rio Grande do Norte, Mossoró, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil.

 

 

Sonia Elizabeth Lopez Carrillo, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the State of Rio Grande do Norte, Mossoró,  Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil.

 

 

Maiara de Moraes, Department of Pathology, Health Sciences Center, Federal University of the Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil.

 

 

 

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Published

2022-06-30

How to Cite

de Freitas, T. B. C., Belo, R. C. T., Siebra, S. M. dos S., Medeiros, A. de M., de Brito, T. S., Carrillo, S. E. L., do Nascimento, . I. J. B., Sakamoto, S. M., & de Moraes, M. (2022). Quarantine, physical distancing and social isolation measures in individuals potentially exposed to SARS-CoV-2 in community settings and health services: a scoping review . Nepal Journal of Epidemiology, 12(2), 1182–1202. https://doi.org/10.3126/nje.v12i2.43838

Issue

Section

Review Articles