Nepal Journal of Epidemiology The official journal of the International Nepal Epidemiological Association (INEA). Content also available on the journal's own <a title="NJE" href="" target="_blank">website</a>. International Nepal Epidemiological Association (INEA) en-US Nepal Journal of Epidemiology 2091-0800 <ul><li>Upon acceptance Copyright on any research article is transferred in full to the Confederation of Epidemiological Associations (CEA) and International Nepal Epidemiological Association (INEA).  The copyright transfer includes the right to reproduce and distribute the article in any form of reproduction (printing, electronic media or any other form).</li><li>Articles in the Nepal Journal of Epidemiology are Open Access articles published under the Creative Commons CC BY License (<a href=""></a>)</li><li>This license permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.</li></ul> Nipah virus (NiV): a ‘new’ addition to the ever changing landscape of infections <p>Public Health professionals and researchers always need to be on their toes as the pool of viruses is forever changing.&nbsp; One recent example of this change is the Nipah virus (NiV).&nbsp; This infection is a type of zoonosis, emerging from the family of Paramyxoviridae, genus Henipavirus (RNA virus) and the natural host is Pteropus fruit bat.&nbsp;For Public Health surveillance and multidisciplinary approaches on investigations and therapy and development of vaccines are vital.&nbsp; As with all emerging viruses harmful to humans, an effective system for the detection of infectious diseases as well as for the identification for new causes, risk factors and characteristics in challenged settings is crucial to reduce the disease burden in the population.</p> Sruthi James Indrajit Banerjee Brijesh Sathian Edwin van Teijlingen ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-28 2018-06-28 8 2 725 726 10.3126/nje.v8i2.23090 Distribution and prevalence of oral mucosal lesions in residents of old age homes in Delhi, India <p><strong><em>Background: </em></strong>It has been seen that very less attention has been given to the oral health of the geriatric population residing in old age homes and as the oral mucosal lesions are a matter of concern for this growing population. Therefore, a study was done with the objective of finding the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions and the distribution of oral mucosal lesions among 65-74 year old residents of old age homes in Delhi, India.</p> <p><strong><em>Materials and Methods: </em></strong>A cross sectional study was done on 65-74 year old age group elders of old age homes in Delhi. A total of 464 subjects participated in the study. Oral Health Assessment Form, WHO was used for assessing oral mucosa. Clinical examination was performed using two mouth mirrors under natural illumination in a systematic manner. Data was processed and analyzed using SPSS version 23.</p> <p><strong><em>Results: </em></strong>Out of a total of 464 subjects, 291 (62.70%) were males and 173 (37.30%) were females. Oral mucosal lesions seen in the study subjects were malignant tumours, leukoplakia, lichen planus, ulcerations, ANUG, Abscess and candidiasis. Leukoplakia was seen in 70 subjects (15%) and was present on buccal mucosa in the majority. A malignant tumour was seen in 7 subjects (1.5%) and commonly seen area is floor of mouth.</p> <p><strong><em>Conclusion: </em></strong>Prevalence of oral mucosal lesions among residents of old age homes shows the need for increased preventive and diagnostic measures for prevention and early identification of oro-mucosal lesions. Taking adequate care for oro-mucosal health of elderly people residing in old age homes is necessary.</p> Nisha Rani Yadav Meena Jain Ankur Sharma Roma Yadav Meetika Pahuja Vishal Jain ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-03 2018-12-03 8 2 727 734 10.3126/nje.v8i2.18708