Spatial Variations in the Diurnal Pattern of Precipitation over Nepal Himalayas

Authors

  • Dibas Shrestha Nepal Academy of Science and Technology, Lalitpur
  • Rashila Deshar Central Department of Environmental Science, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/njst.v15i2.12116

Keywords:

Rainfall, Diurnal cycle, Orographic forcing, TRMM, Precipitation radar

Abstract

The Central Himalayan Region (Nepal Himalayas), comprised of two clear sub-parallel mountain ranges, is atypical location for studying the impact of rugged topography on spatio temporal variations of precipitation. The relationship between topography and diurnal cycles of rainfall have been investigated utilizing 13-year (1998–2010) high resolution (0.05° × 0.05°) Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Precipitation Radar (PR) data. An investigation of diurnal cycle of precipitation revealed an afternoon maximum during the pre-monsoon season (March–May) and midnight–early morning maximum during the summer monsoon season (June–August)over the southern slopes of the Himalayas. The summer monsoon exhibited a robust spatial variation of diurnal cycle of precipitation, during afternoon-evening time, primary rainfall peak appeared along the Lesser Himalayas (~2,000–2,200 m above mean sea level), while early-morning rain in contrast showed maximum concentration along the southern margin of the Himalayas (~500–700 m above MSL). An afternoon-evening rainfall peak was attributed to higher rain frequency, whereas early-morning rainfall peak was attributed to fewer but rather intense rainfall. It is suggested that, confluence between down slope and moist south easterly monsoon flow triggers convection near the foothills of the Himalayas during early morning period. The results further suggested the morning precipitation moves southward in the mature monsoon season.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/njst.v15i2.12116

Nepal Journal of Science and Technology Vol. 15, No.2 (2014), 57-64

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Published

2015-02-15

How to Cite

Shrestha, D., & Deshar, R. (2015). Spatial Variations in the Diurnal Pattern of Precipitation over Nepal Himalayas. Nepal Journal of Science and Technology, 15(2), 57–64. https://doi.org/10.3126/njst.v15i2.12116

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Articles