Spring Water Sources Assessment and Forest Area Dynamics in Roshi and Melamchi Watersheds

Authors

  • Santosh Chaudhary Kathmandu University, Dhulikhel, Kavre, Nepal
  • Kumud Raj Kafle Kathmandu University, Dhulikhel, Kavre, Nepal
  • Govinda Baniya G.R. Design and Builders Pvt. Ltd. Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Suman Shrestha Kathmandu University, Dhulikhel, Kavre, Nepal
  • Rajiv Giri G.R. Design and Builders Pvt. Ltd. Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Bim Prasad Shrestha Kathmandu University, Dhulikhel, Kavre, Nepal
  • Ekraj Sigdel WWF, Baluwatar, Kathmandu, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/njst.v20i2.45801

Keywords:

Watersheds, Springs, Land Use, Land Cover, Geographic Information Systems (GIS), Discharge, Forest Dynamics

Abstract

Spring-water sources mapping was carried out in eight wards of Dhulikhel and four wards of Melamchi Municipality and forest area dynamics in Roshi and Melamchi Watersheds. Ward number 9 and 10 of Dhulikhel Municipality were rich in water sources. Whereas ward number 6 of Melamchi Municipality has a good amount of water sources compared to other wards. The major spring types were depression, fractured, and contact in both the Municipalities.The percentage of forest areas in the Roshi and Melamchi watersheds seems to be fluctuating with the data compared in 2010 and 2020. There is an increase in forest areas in both municipalities in 2020. Also, the perennial spring sourceswith good discharge are prominent in having a good forest area and large watershed recharge area.

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Published

2021-12-31

How to Cite

Chaudhary, S., Kafle, K. R., Baniya, G., Shrestha, S., Giri, R., Shrestha, B. P., & Sigdel, E. (2021). Spring Water Sources Assessment and Forest Area Dynamics in Roshi and Melamchi Watersheds. Nepal Journal of Science and Technology, 20(2), 113–124. https://doi.org/10.3126/njst.v20i2.45801

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Section

Articles