Estimation of Sodium and Potassium in Dogs with Diarrhoea and Vomition
Keywords:hyperkalemia, hypokalemia, hyponatremia, normokalemia, normonatremia
The study was conducted to estimate the sodium and potassium level in dogs with diarrhea and vomition. Total 150 blood samples were collected and processed in the laboratory of Vet clinic, Krishnagalli as per the protocol of Elyte 2 test kit using colorimeter. Of the total blood samples, 8% showed normonatremia with normokalemia, 76% showed hyponatremia with hypokalemia and 16% showed hyponatremia with hyperkalemia. Diarrhoea and vomition were more prevalent in age group 0-1 years followed by more than 8 years and 1-8 years. The age group 0-1 and 1-8 years showed normonatremia with normokalemia and hyponatremia with hypokalemia but more than 8 years showed hyponatremia with hyperkalemia. Males were found more vulnerable for diarrhoea and vomition than the females. The estimated value of sodium and potassium in both sexes were obtained within normal to lower limits of normal range. German Shepherd had the higher prevalence of diarrhea and vomition among different breeds. The estimated value of sodium and potassium in different breeds showed modest difference and obtained within normal to lower limit of normal range. Na:K ratio was found less than 27:1 in 18% samples, between 27:1 to 40:1 in 26% samples and more than 40:1 in 56% samples.
Nepal Journal of Science and Technology Vol. 13, No. 2 (2012) 33-38
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