Indentation Methods for Characterising the Mechanical and Fracture Behaviour of Polymer Nanocomposites

Authors

  • Ralf Lach Institut für Polymerwerkstoffe e.V., Institute associated with the University of Applied Science Merseburg, Merseburg; and Martin-Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Centre of Engineering, Halle/Saale,
  • Gyeong-Man Kim Centro de Estudios e Investigaciones Tecnicas (CEIT), Department of Biomedical Engineering, San Sebastian
  • Rameshwar Adhikari Nepal Polymer Institute (NPI), Kathmandu
  • Goerg H Michler Martin-Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Institute of Physics, Halle/Saale,
  • Wolfgang Grellmann Martin-Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Centre of Engineering, Halle/Saale,

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/njst.v13i2.7723

Keywords:

fracture mechanics, hardness, indentation methods, polymer nanocomposite

Abstract

Morphological analysis of nanocomposites of polyethylene glycol (PEG) based polyurethanes (TPU) and polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes (POSS) were performed using different techniques (transmission electron microscopy, small and wide X-ray scattering, differential scanning calorimetry) as a function of molecular weight of PEG and the PEG/POSS mole ratio. A strong interdependence in crystallisation behaviour between the two crystals species, i.e. the POSS nanocrystals about 5 nm in size and the crystals in the semicrystalline soft phase of TPU, were found. The mechanical properties (Vickers hardness under load and elastic modulus) determined using recording microindentation techniques at room temperature were significantly improved by POSS for two material formulations. Based on the results of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA)/silica (SiO2) nanocomposites containing up to 20 wt.-% well-dispersed spherical silica nanoparticles, it has been shown that the indentation fracture mechanics is a straightforward, costand time-effective, powerful tool to analyse the fracture resistance for the novel polymer materials, such as brittle nanostructured polymer-ceramic hybrids.

Nepal Journal of Science and Technology Vol. 13, No. 2 (2012) 115-122

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/njst.v13i2.7723

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Published

2013-03-08

How to Cite

Lach, R., Kim, G.-M., Adhikari, R., Michler, G. H., & Grellmann, W. (2013). Indentation Methods for Characterising the Mechanical and Fracture Behaviour of Polymer Nanocomposites. Nepal Journal of Science and Technology, 13(2), 115–122. https://doi.org/10.3126/njst.v13i2.7723

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