Impact of socio-demographics on Malocclusion and Traumatic dental injuries among 13-15 years old children in province II of Nepal

  • Rahul Gupta, Dr Kedia Dental College And Teaching Hospital, Birgunj, Nepal
  • Swagat Mahanta, Dr Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences, Dhulikhel, Nepal
  • Rishi Pratap Sah, Dr Janaki Medical College And Teaching Hospital, Janakpur, Nepal
Keywords: IOTN, Malocclusion, Socio demographics, Traumatic dental injury

Abstract

Introduction: Malocclusion may not be pathological condition, but it negatively affects the quality of life. The purpose of the study was to assess the role of socio-demographics on malocclusion and traumatic dental injuries among adolescents.

Materials & Method: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted with a sample of 320 students from government and private schools. Student’s in the age range from 13-15 years were included. A structured questionnaire was used to assess demographic characteristics, socio-economic status, frequency of dental visit and tooth brushing, self-perceived need for orthodontic treatment. Index of orthodontic treatment need (IOTN) and Traumatic Dental Injury (TDI) were recorded.

Result: The study showed that self-reported orthodontic treatment need was greater among Private school students as compared to Government. IOTN-DHC more severe Grade 4, Grade 3 type of treatment needs were greater among government students. While Grade 1 & Grade 2 type of treatment needs was found to be greater among private students. Grade 5 & Grade 4 type of orthodontic treatment needs was greater among government students, 83(51.9%) & 48 (30%) as compared to private students, 21(13.1%) & 25(15.6%). While Grade 1, Grade 2 & Grade 3 type of orthodontic treatment needs was lesser among government students, 6(3.8%), 8(5.0%) & 15(9.4%) as compared to private students, 42(26.2%), 49(30.6%) & 23(14.4%) respectively. Complicated type of dental injury was greater among government students.

Conclusion: The study indicates the presence of socio demographic gradient in orthodontic treatment need and Traumatic dental injuries.

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Author Biographies

Rahul Gupta, Dr, Kedia Dental College And Teaching Hospital, Birgunj, Nepal

Department of Orthodontics, Assistant Professor

Swagat Mahanta, Dr, Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences, Dhulikhel, Nepal

Department of Orthodontics, Lecturer

Rishi Pratap Sah, Dr, Janaki Medical College And Teaching Hospital, Janakpur, Nepal

Assistant Professor

Published
2019-09-20
How to Cite
Gupta, R., Mahanta, S., & Sah, R. (2019). Impact of socio-demographics on Malocclusion and Traumatic dental injuries among 13-15 years old children in province II of Nepal. Orthodontic Journal of Nepal, 9(1), 63-66. https://doi.org/10.3126/ojn.v9i1.25694
Section
Original Articles