Impact of socio-demographics on Malocclusion and Traumatic dental injuries among 13-15 years old children in province II of Nepal
Introduction: Malocclusion may not be pathological condition, but it negatively affects the quality of life. The purpose of the study was to assess the role of socio-demographics on malocclusion and traumatic dental injuries among adolescents.
Materials & Method: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted with a sample of 320 students from government and private schools. Student’s in the age range from 13-15 years were included. A structured questionnaire was used to assess demographic characteristics, socio-economic status, frequency of dental visit and tooth brushing, self-perceived need for orthodontic treatment. Index of orthodontic treatment need (IOTN) and Traumatic Dental Injury (TDI) were recorded.
Result: The study showed that self-reported orthodontic treatment need was greater among Private school students as compared to Government. IOTN-DHC more severe Grade 4, Grade 3 type of treatment needs were greater among government students. While Grade 1 & Grade 2 type of treatment needs was found to be greater among private students. Grade 5 & Grade 4 type of orthodontic treatment needs was greater among government students, 83(51.9%) & 48 (30%) as compared to private students, 21(13.1%) & 25(15.6%). While Grade 1, Grade 2 & Grade 3 type of orthodontic treatment needs was lesser among government students, 6(3.8%), 8(5.0%) & 15(9.4%) as compared to private students, 42(26.2%), 49(30.6%) & 23(14.4%) respectively. Complicated type of dental injury was greater among government students.
Conclusion: The study indicates the presence of socio demographic gradient in orthodontic treatment need and Traumatic dental injuries.
Copyright (c) 2019 Orthodontic & Dentofacial Orthopedic Association of Nepal
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Copyright © held by Orthodontic & Dentofacial Orthopedic Association of Nepal
- Copyright on any research article is transferred in full to the Orthodontic & Dentofacial Orthopedic Association of Nepal upon publication in the journal. The copyright transfer includes the right to reproduce and distribute the article in any form of reproduction (printing, electronic media or any other form).
- Articles in the Orthodontic Journal of Nepal are Open Access articles published under the Creative Commons CC BY License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)
- This license permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.