Prevalence of malocclusion in Parsa district: A comparative study

Authors

  • Alok Kumar Jaiswal, Dr M B Kedia Dental College and Teaching Hospital, Birgunj, Nepal
  • Gunjan Kumar Shrestha, Dr M B Kedia Dental College and Teaching Hospital, Birgunj, Nepal
  • Wimby Tuladhar, Dr M B Kedia Dental College and Teaching Hospital, Birgunj, Nepal
  • Binita Singh, Dr M B Kedia Dental College and Teaching Hospital, Birgunj, Nepal
  • Rahul Gupta, Dr M B Kedia Dental College and Teaching Hospital, Birgunj, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/ojn.v10i3.35484

Keywords:

Class I, II, III Malocclusion, Prevalence

Abstract

Introduction: Malocclusion is one of the commonest problem in dentistry and the knowledge on its prevalence on particular population group is very important to plan oral health activities. The objective of this study is to assess the prevalence of malocclusion in school going children of Parsa district, Nepal, and to compare the same with previous study.

Materials and Method: The sample consisted of 250 males and 210 females (total of 460 subjects) aged between 6 to 17 years. Subjects without any previous orthodontic treatment and with no dental anomalies were included in this study. Census sampling was done for the patient visiting orthodontic from November 2018 to March 2019. Classification of malocclusion was based on Angle’s classification of malocclusion. Collected data were entered in Microsoft Excel 2007 and converted into Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) Version 11.5 for statistical analysis. For descriptive statistics, percentage and proportion, were calculated, also tabular presentation were performed. For inferential statistics, Chi square test were used for intergroup comparison.

Result: School going children of Parsa district, Nepal suggests 50.47% female and 45.6% of male exhibits Angle’s Class I malocclusion, 29.04% female and 30% male exhibits class II pattern, 11.4% female and 12.0% male exhibits class III pattern. The other findings reported in the study were, the occurrence of crowding of teeth more in males whereas the occurrence of spacing is more in females.

Conclusion: Majority of the subjects in the study had Class I malocclusion. Only 9.04% female and 12.4% of male showed normal class I occlusion. The occurrence of crowding of teeth more in males whereas the occurrence of spacing is more in females. This may be due to the incidence of missing tooth is more in females.

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Author Biographies

Alok Kumar Jaiswal, Dr, M B Kedia Dental College and Teaching Hospital, Birgunj, Nepal

Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Associate Professor

Gunjan Kumar Shrestha, Dr, M B Kedia Dental College and Teaching Hospital, Birgunj, Nepal

Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Assistant Professor

Wimby Tuladhar, Dr, M B Kedia Dental College and Teaching Hospital, Birgunj, Nepal

Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Assistant Professor

Binita Singh, Dr, M B Kedia Dental College and Teaching Hospital, Birgunj, Nepal

Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Assistant Professor

Rahul Gupta, Dr, M B Kedia Dental College and Teaching Hospital, Birgunj, Nepal

Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Assistant Professor

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Published

2020-12-31

How to Cite

Jaiswal, A. K., Shrestha, G. K., Tuladhar, W., Singh, B., & Gupta, R. (2020). Prevalence of malocclusion in Parsa district: A comparative study. Orthodontic Journal of Nepal, 10(3), 10–13. https://doi.org/10.3126/ojn.v10i3.35484

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Section

Original Articles