Asian Journal of Population Sciences <p>Asian Journal of Population Sciences is a peer-reviewed journal and indexed in NepJOL. The journal is published by Department of Population Studies, Prithvi Nayaran Campus, TU, Pokhara. Published on the annual basis, the journal covers a wide range of topics related to the field of social sciences that have interconnections with multidimensional aspects of human population, environment, development and sustainability.</p> en-US (Asst. Prof. Vijay Aryal) (Sioux Cumming) Tue, 10 Jan 2023 11:15:20 +0000 OJS 60 Evaluation of Age-Sex Data Collected in the 1991, 2001 and 2011 Population and Housing Censuses of Namibia <p>This paper examined the accuracy of age-sex data reported in the Namibia population censuses with the aim to establish patterns and trends in the quality of age-sex reporting. To date, Namibia has conducted three population and housing censuses. However, it is not clear if there has been any advancement in the quality of data collected on age and sex over the years. The study followed a cross-sectional study design using the 1991, 2001 and 2011 population censuses data from Namibia Statistics Agency. We computed Whipple’s and Myers’s Blended indexes to measure age heaping. The age-sex ratio and UN joint score were used to ascertain the possibility of population undercounts and displacement between age groups. The results show that age heaping was fairly accurate in all three censuses. Analysis of single-age distribution showed a minimal digit preference and avoidance across all three censuses. Likewise, Myers blended index portrayed that terminal digits 0, 1, 2, 5, 8 and 9 were preferred the most by both sexes in all three censuses. The Whipple’s Index showed a two-point decline from 106 in 1991 to 104 in 2001 and 2011 suggesting an improvement in age reporting. The UN joint score for Namibia found that the data collected in all three censuses were inaccurate in terms of age-sex displacement.</p> Immanuel Shipanga, Tobias Shinyemba Copyright (c) 2023 Immanuel Shipanga, Tobias Shinyemba Tue, 10 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Exploring the Lived Experiences of Marital Intimacy among Nepali Married Couples: A Transcendental Phenomenological Approach <p>There is a widespread agreement in the literature that marital intimacy is positively associated with relationship satisfaction. A growing body of literature on marriage and family has focused increasingly on sexual and emotional intimacy. However, little is known about other facets of intimacy. Hence, the objective focuses on exploring married couples' lived experiences of various facets of marital intimacy. The present study is informed by a transcendental phenomenological qualitative approach to analyse data from the semi-structured interviews and generate the overarching themes. Criterion-based purposive sampling of 28 females and males (i.e., fourteen intimate couples) from Pokhara participated in the present study. The thematic analysis demonstrated five significant themes that couples attached to the facets of intimacy such as emotional intimacy (feeling of closeness); social intimacy (social bonding); sexual intimacy (physical and non-physical); intellectual intimacy (enriching each other’s mind) and recreational intimacy (bonding through activities of fun and enjoyment). The results demonstrated that various facets of intimacy are experienced positively in married Nepali couples. This study contributes to the body of current literature by examining married couples' actual intimate experiences and within the context of Bowen's family system theory, which supports the study's findings. The study results have practical implications for marital therapists, counsellors and clinicians. Limitations of the study have been discussed, which are potential future research areas.</p> Santosh Kumar Gurung, Ramkrishna Chapagain, Sunita Sharma Copyright (c) 2023 Santosh Kumar Gurung, Ramkrishna Chapagain, Sunita Sharma Tue, 10 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Levels, Trends and Differentials of Teenage Childbearing in India <p>Teenage childbearing occurs in every society worldwide. Teenagers are understudied and a complex age group to reach. It is essential to know the levels and trends of teenage childbearing with its socio-economic and demographic differentials. Therefore, the overall purpose of the present study is to explore the levels, trends, and differentials of teenage childbearing in India. The required data were obtained from National Family Health Survey (NFHS). The analysis is based on the samples of 24,811 women aged 15-19 in 2005-06 (NFHS-3), 1,21,552 in 2015-16 (NFHS-4) and 1,22,544 in 2019-20 (NFHS-5). Descriptive statistics and binary logistic regression analysis have been carried out by using SPSS-23. In NFHS-5, the proportion of teenage childbearing is 6.8 per cent, which showed a decline from 16.0 per cent in NFHS-3. Tripura (21.9%) has the highest teenage childbearing percentage, whereas Ladakh had zero teenage childbearing. Among the districts in India, Dhalai district (28.2%) in Tripura has the highest percentage of teenage childbearing. The percentage of teenage childbearing is significantly higher in rural areas than in urban areas, except in Goa and Himachal Pradesh. Higher educational attainment and a rich household wealth index are associated with a lower incidence of teenage childbearing. Except for the NFHS-3, teenage childbearing is comparatively higher among Muslims than among other religions. Exposure to media helps in reducing teenage childbearing. Teenage childbearing is higher among the Scheduled Tribe (S.T) than in other castes. Despite some progress, more has to be done to minimise teenage childbearing in India.</p> N. Pautunthang Copyright (c) 2023 N. Pautunthang Tue, 10 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Demand of One Health Activities by Community-Level Service Providers in Selected Districts of Nepal <p>One Health (OH) is a new approach to controlling zoonoses in the veterinary and public health fields in Nepal. This study aims to explore the OH-related knowledge, perception, and practices of service providers like veterinarians, public health, and livestock-related cooperative members in selected districts of Nepal. We randomly selected three municipalities from three districts of Gandaki province in Nepal using by qualitative dominant mixed-method research approach for data collection. The study showed that most of the respondent service providers had a low level of knowledge of the OH approach and conducted their zoonoses control programs vertically in a traditional way. Foot and mouth disease (FMD), brucellosis, Peste des petits ruminants (PPR), rabies, leptospirosis, and bovine tuberculosis (BTB) are livestock-related common zoonoses and dog bites, worm infestation, diarrhoeal diseases showed the common health problems in public health sectors in the study. This prevalence creates a higher zoonoses risk in farming communities of Nepal. Therefore, to control the zoonoses we need to make knowledgeable service providers who are engaged basically in human and animal health care sectors by applying the OH approach. Government should introduce OH-related programs up to the community level and should establish the OH committee at every local level with united all public health, animal health, and water sanitation and hygiene (WASH) related officials in the country.</p> Kosh Bilash Bagal, Ramesh Adhikari, Devaraj Acharya, Bhimsen Devkota, Suresh Shrestha Copyright (c) 2023 Kosh Bilash Bagal, Ramesh Adhikari, Devaraj Acharya, Bhimsen Devkota, Suresh Shrestha Tue, 10 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +0000 People’s Perception on Climate Change: The Context of Local and Global Discourse <p>Climate change has become a significant threat to mankind in recent years. For the development of various adaptation strategies, it is essential to comprehend how people perceive climate change and its indicators. With this consideration, climate change is a glocal problem and discourse that is both global and local in nature. The paper attempts to discuss and analyse on people’s perception on climate change in both local and global contexts. This study is empirical in nature and is based on a review of the literature on how people perceive climate change at all scales, from local to global. For this purpose, systematic review method is used to analyse and discuss the electronic databases of literature search that was extracted by web based search engines. Among 232 literatures identified, 45 most relevant articles were selected for systematic review. The study indicates that the majority of people experienced and strongly perceived changes in climatic factors and events. Most of the local people perceived significant increase in climate change indicators in recent years and faced various level of impacts both local to global context. However, the climate change has affected on livelihood of the people living everywhere. As a result, it is crucial to focus on enhancing locals' capacity to cope to changing climate. The perceived knowledge and understanding of people on climate change can be helpful to cope with the potential risks and challenges of climate change in the future.</p> Bishnu Bahadur Khatri, Rajan Binayek Pasa Copyright (c) 2023 Bishnu Bahadur Khatri, Rajan Binayek Pasa Tue, 10 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Nepal: Need for an Alternative Food System <p>The neo-liberal global food system is facing a huge criticism in recent years. It has some serious problems; two of them are the major ones. First, it could not provide enough and timely supply of food to the people of different regions and sections of the society. Another, it failed to cope with the changing socio-economic drivers of food system; such as migration and climate change. Therefore, searching for an alternative system to ensure food and nutrition security of the global humanity is going under different ways. In this respect, this paper critically evaluates the modern food system in Nepalese context. It utilizes two key perspectives; climate change and Global Value Chain (GVC) and argues that Nepal must find an alternative model of food system to ensure sustainable food supply and food security of the country. The paper primarily relies on secondary sources of data including journal articles, census and survey reports, and news articles.</p> Damodar Tripathi, Tika Raj Kaini Copyright (c) 2023 Damodar Tripathi, Tika Raj Kaini Tue, 10 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Menstrual Impurity of Women and Girls: Chhaupadi Practice and Resistance <p>The practices and beliefs attached to menstruation in different parts of world vary across time and space and have been shaped by various factors such as: gender, religion, society and culture. Although menstruation is a natural biological phenomenon, the social taboos and stigma attached with the practice isolates and detach women and girls from doing their everyday normal activities. Nepal is a secular country but due to its traditional gender norms and values practices, the menstruating women are suffering from physical and psychological problem where menstruation is not simply a biological phenomenon but become socio-cultural practices. Nonetheless, customs attached with chhauapdi has been changing among young generation in new place other than home. This paper examines the way how menstruation is socially constructed despite the fact that it is biological phenomenon. The shared norms, values and tradition associated with these practices put an individual life at risk. The study uses both secondary literature review and primary data collection method. The field work was conducted in Bajhang and Doti district of Karnali Province in the month April 2020 through an intensive case study and focus group discussion. The major finding of the research suggests people were still practicing Chhaupadi without any trouble. Nevertheless, the customs has been practice in modified way among the new generation people. The dignity of women attached with practice should be defined from insider’s view rather than outsider intervention in demolishing the practice.</p> Anchala Chaudhary Copyright (c) 2023 Anchala Chaudhary Tue, 10 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Effect of Women’s Status in Fertility Transition of Nepal <p>Assessing the relationship of fertility transition with different socio-economic situation of women is the overall purpose of this study. Fertility is primarily natural demographic determinant; however, it is affected by different social, economic and demographic phenomena. This study aimed to assess the changing fertility pattern (TFR and CBR) relating to the socioeconomic and demographic status of women in case of Nepal. Literacy status, health services, employment pattern, age at marriage, foreign migration (social determinants of population change) inequality aspects of women are considered as the socioeconomic and demographic aspects determines the pace of change of fertility rate and measured by the linear regression equation and multiple regression analysis. Quantitative and descriptive analysis is used to demonstrate the relationship examined and assessed through secondary data. The output of the statistical test is found that there is strong negative relationship (more than -0.90) with more than 80 per cent of explaining variability of fertility rate of Nepal by these independent (socioeconomic and demographic) variables. Finally, as literacy rate, age at marriage, economically activeness, life expectancy of female are found in increasing pattern with advancement of Nepalese society, CBR and TFR both are found in decreasing trends along with reduction on gender inequality.</p> Kedar Satyal Copyright (c) 2023 Kedar Satyal Tue, 10 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Healthy Ageing: A Basic Concept <p>Rapid population aging is a characteristic of the 21<sup>st</sup> century, regardless of a nation’s level of development. An aging global population results in a burden in medical and social demographic problems worldwide. Addressing this problem is the highest priority for the care of the aging population worldwide. Healthy aging is an individual lived experience that is influenced by healthy behaviours over the course of a lifetime. This includes a person’s ability to: meet their basic needs; learn, grow and make decisions; be mobile; build and maintain relationships, and contribute to society. For the promotion of healthy aging, a healthy lifestyle is important. A healthy lifestyle for older adults includes healthy eating, regular physical activity, staying at a healthy weight, improving mental health, social participation, regular health check-ups and health screening, no smoking, and taking steps to prevent falls.</p> Hom Nath Chalise Copyright (c) 2023 Hom Nath Chalise Tue, 10 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +0000