Evaluation of Chemical Constituents and Antioxidant Activity of Extracts of Nardostachys jatamansi (D. Don) DC.

Authors

  • Rajkumar Budha Department of Chemistry, Amrit Campus, Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University, Lainchaur, Kathmandu
  • Binita Maharjan Department of Chemistry, Amrit Campus, Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University, Lainchaur, Kathmandu
  • Ritu Panta Department of Chemistry, Amrit Campus, Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University, Lainchaur, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Samjhana Bharati Department of Chemistry, Amrit Campus, Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University, Lainchaur, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Timila Shrestha Department of Chemistry, Amrit Campus, Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University, Lainchaur, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Puspa Lal Homagai Department of Chemistry, Amrit Campus, Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University, Lainchaur, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Deval Prasad Bhattarai Department of Chemistry, Amrit Campus, Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University, Lainchaur, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Ram Lal Swagat Shrestha Department of Chemistry, Amrit Campus, Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University, Lainchaur, Kathmandu, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/arj.v4i1.61185

Keywords:

Nardostachys jatamansi, phytochemical, GC-MS, TPC, TFC, antioxidant

Abstract

Nardostachys jatamansi is an endangered medicinal plant of the Caprifoliaceae family. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the metabolites and their biological activities. The shade dried, powdered plant materials were subjected to successive ultrasonic extraction with solvents hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, and methanol in the increasing order of polarity. Flavonoids, terpenoids, saponins, phenolic volatile oils, and alkaloids were discovered in the phytochemical screening. Gas chromatography mass spectrometry analysis identified 13, 10, and 6 chemical compounds in hexane, chloroform, and ethyl acetate extracts, respectively. Cyclic saturated hydrocarbons, organic acids, alcohol, and ester were the main constituents of extracts verified by GC-MS. Chloroform extracts had a higher phenolic content (49.53 mg GAE/g) than ethyl acetate extracts (44.41 mg GAE/g).  Chloroform extracts had a higher total flavonoid concentration (18.42 mg QE/g) than ethyl acetate extracts (10.57 mg QE/g).  The half-maximum inhibitory concentration (IC50) of the chloroform and ethyl acetate extracts revealed moderate results to antioxidant activity.

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Published

2023-12-31

How to Cite

Budha, R., Maharjan, B., Panta, R., Bharati, S., Shrestha, T., Homagai, P. L., Bhattarai, D. P., & Shrestha, R. L. S. (2023). Evaluation of Chemical Constituents and Antioxidant Activity of Extracts of Nardostachys jatamansi (D. Don) DC . Amrit Research Journal, 4(1), 30–39. https://doi.org/10.3126/arj.v4i1.61185

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Articles