The Batuk <p>"The Batuk, A Peer Reviewed Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies" is published by Nesfield International College (NICOL), under the Management of Nesfield Education Foundation, Lalitpur, Nepal. The Batuk represents the contemporary issues in management science and social science. The broad areas include Management, Finance, Marketing, Accounting, Human Resources Management, OB, Economics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Literature and Sociology. </p> Nesfield International College en-US The Batuk 2392-4802 <p>© Nesfield International College</p> Impact of Service Quality on Student Satisfaction: A Case Study of Public Sector Higher Secondary Institution <h2>Considering the importance of service quality, this paper aims to investigate the relationship between service quality and student satisfaction in higher education sector of Nepal. A public higher secondary school located in Panauti, was taken as the sample for the study. The descriptive and casual comparative research approaches was adopted to examine the impact of service quality on student satisfaction. A personally administered survey was administered using questionnaire based on items prescribed by Parasuraman’s SERVQUAL (1985) and refined by Croning et al. (1992) as SERVPERF scale consisting five dimensions namely; tangibility, reliability, responsiveness, assurance, and empathy. Over 140 students participated in the survey and 121 usable responses were received from student of the institution studying in four streams. This results of descriptive analysis indicated that students perceive relatively better provision in service quality dimensions of reliability, responsiveness, assurance and empathy than physical dimension named tangibles. In addition, the empirical result of regression analysis indicated the positive and significant influence of all five used service quality dimensions namely; tangibility, reliability and responsiveness, assurance and empathy on student satisfaction. Among these, tangibility and reliability were found strong influencers to student satisfaction.</h2> Makshindra Thapa Copyright (c) 2022 Nesfield International College 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 8 1 1 15 10.3126/batuk.v8i1.43500 Organizational Culture Integration Initiation in Merger and Acquisition, Changing Work Culture and Employees’ Work Behavior <p>In most of the mergers of financial institutions, the issue of human side i.e. justice, satisfaction and work behavior of employees are neglected. But, the success of the new organization after Merger and Acquisition (M&amp;As), largely depends on how actively and innovatively their employees work in the changed working environment. Hence, the purpose of this study is to explore the organizations’ initiation for cultural integration in M&amp;As process in Nepalese financial institutions. Further, it aims to examine how cultural integration initiation influence employees’ satisfaction and their work behavior. This research follows inductive-deductive approach as the variables or issues were induced primarily and the data were analyzed with quantitative techniques. 234 responses from employees working in new organizations after M&amp;As, from the large and small organization of M&amp;As, and managerial and non-managerial level were collected based on organizational justice and social identity theory. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data. The result of the study revealed poor cultural integration initiation from the top management during M&amp;As. Feeling of workplace injustice is being increased which caused deviant work behavior of the employees. This study emphasizes on the urgent need of organizational justice and enhancing the social identity of the employees working in all the M&amp;As organizations. The consequences of the poor cultural integration initiation associated to organizational justice and social identity add on comprehensive framework of these theories.</p> Prakash Kumar Gautam Copyright (c) 2022 Nesfield International College 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 8 1 16 30 10.3126/batuk.v8i1.43507 Determinants of Personal Financial Planning: A Survey among Business Graduates in Nepal <p>Personal financial planning is a tool that allows individuals to evaluate their current monetary situation, design strategies and implement them to achieve financial goals. This paper aims to analyse the determinants of financial planning of business graduates in Nepal. It examined the impact of financial attitude, financial awareness and financial knowledge on financial planning in the presence of gender, monthly income, family type, and marital status as control variables. A full-fledged questionnaire was used in the survey among 227 business graduates through email. Hierarchical multiple regression was used for the causal analysis. The findings revealed that financial attitude and financial awareness have significant impact on personal financial planning while financial knowledge does not. But surprisingly, none of the control variables were found significant in influencing personal financial planning. Hence, attitude and awareness towards the monetary aspects of life of business graduates are major determinants of their personal financial planning in Nepal.</p> Sakchhi Khanal Bharat Singh Thapa Surendra Raj Nepal Copyright (c) 2022 Nesfield International College 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 8 1 31 47 10.3126/batuk.v8i1.43503 Head Teachers’ Transformational Leadership Styles in Community Schools of Lalitpur District <p>This study is conducted to investigate the transformational leadership (TL) dimensions of head teachers of community schools. To fulfill the objective, the study adopted quantitative research design followed by the survey method. The data obtained from 36 head teachers working in the various community secondary schools in Lalitpur district was processed using SSPS and then analyzed employing descriptive statistics. The findings concluded that the head teachers are practicing transformational leadership styles properly. It contributes to the development of an educational institution by encouraging head teachers to practice transformational leadership. It helps to ensure teachers’ commitment leading to a more effective and viable school environment and helps to establish cordial relationship among the stakeholders for academic enhancement. This study also contributes to school leaders to ensure better academic performance, commitment, and demonstrate their transformational and pedagogical leadership capacity.</p> Surendra Kumar Ghimire Copyright (c) 2022 Nesfield International College 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 8 1 48 62 10.3126/batuk.v8i1.43506 Effects of Yoga-teaching and Practices on Learning and Studying Behaviour of Management Students: An Experimental Study <p>Learning and studying are fairly cognitive and psychological activities that need sound mental health including inner-peace, calmness, easiness, positivity, curiosity, interest, and self-motivation. The increased interest in yoga-teaching and practices (YTP) in recent decades is primarily due to the expectancy that it can calm the mind and increase the overall health and well-being of the students. Yoga provides training of mind and body to bring emotional and mental balance as well as leads to alignment and harmony. This article discusses yoga (particularly, Asanas, Pranayamas, and Dhyanas) as a potential tool for the management students to deal with mental health that is essentially important for effective learning and studying behavior and to regulate themselves. For this experimental study, 60 students are taken as a sample who were failed in their mid-term examination and they are further classified as self-control group and experimental group with 30 students in each group. This study finding suggests that YTP is an effective tool to solve mental health issues and finally it contributes to effective learning and studying habits of management students.It is also found that YTP contributes to mental health promotion of students for which they need to improvement their attention, self-esteem, empowerment, and self-regulation.</p> Lal Prasad Aryal Copyright (c) 2022 Nesfield International College 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 8 1 65 81 10.3126/batuk.v8i1.43508 A Descriptive Study on Youth and the Nepalese Labour Market <p>Workers aged between 15 and 24 are considered as youth workers. The major challenge related to employment of young people is to stay in low productivity with unpaid position or the opportunity to move for foreign employment. Nepal is not an exception to this trend. This study was carried out to describe the legal framework of Nepal regarding youth workers. As per Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), about 0.5 million youths enter Nepalese market every year. It is found that the unemployment rate of young works in Nepal is 19% compared to 2.7% for the whole population. Though the labour and trade union rights in Nepal are addressed at satisfactory level, the implementation status still needs high attention. Due to unavailability of appropriate job with fair pay, majority of them seek foreign employment in their early age. Reasonable wage rate, social protection, and labour right of the country in line with international conventions play in shaping the utilization and movement of youth workers. Nepal needs to work a lot on satisfaction of youth worker for the national prosperity.</p> Prashu Ram Gelal Copyright (c) 2022 Nesfield International College 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 8 1 82 95 10.3126/batuk.v8i1.43510 Nepal-India Relation: Migration Perspective <p>People of Nepal and India share similar civilization having open border through which citizens of both countries easily migrate in each-others’ countries with no obstacles for lawful work. Mostly, people of both countries migrate for job but Nepalese people migrate to join in British – Indian regiments too and some people migrate for long term settlement and some are for illegal flesh trade. This article has dealt about Nepalese and Indian migrants in both countries and its scenario in an analytical ways on the basis of qualitative research method being centralized to the objectives of this research work. This study also focuses on economic, social, cultural and political prospects and impact of migration in both the countries.</p> Saroj Kumar Timalsina Copyright (c) 2022 Nesfield International College 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 8 1 96 107 10.3126/batuk.v8i1.43511