Trend in Gastric Outlet Obstruction at Patients Attending Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal

  • Deepak Kumar Thakur Department of Surgery, Birat Medical College &Teaching Hospital
  • B Ghimire Department of Surgery, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital
  • YP Singh Department of Surgery, Tribhuvan University-Teaching Hospital
Keywords: Gastric outlet obstruction, Malignant gastric outlet obstruction, Peptic ulcer disease, Palliative treatment

Abstract

Introduction

Gastric outlet obstruction (GOO) involves obstruc_on in the antro-pyloric region or bulb of duodenum. Malignancy is common cause of GOO in adults but many patients with GOO have benign causes. Despite the improvement in medical management, about 5% patients with complicated duodenal ulcer disease and 1%-2% with complicated gastric ulcer disease respectively develop this problem.

Objective

The purpose of this study was to find the etiologies of GOO, their management options and outcome in Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital.

Methodology

In this retrospective study, the records of 44 patients admited with diagnosis of GOO from September 2007 to August 2010 in the Department of Surgery, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal were retrieved. Patients' demography, etiologies of GOO, treatment given and their outcome were analysed.

Results

Thirty two patients (73%) were male and 12 (27%) were female with M:F ratio of 2.7:1. The mean age of patients was 57.40 years and duration of symptoms 2.68 months. Carcinoma of stomach, 28 cases (64%) was most common ecology of GOO followed by PUD, 9 (21%), duodenal malignancy,3 (7%), corrosive stricture, 2 (5%), advanced gallbladder carcinoma, 1 (2%) and chronic pancreatis, 1 (2%). Seventeen (39%) patients were treated by gastrojejunostomy, 14 (32%) by subtotal gastrectomy and gastrojejunostomy, 5 (11%) by truncal vagotomy and gastrojejunostomy, 4 (9%) by medical management, 2 (4.5%) by feeding jejunostomy, and 2 (4.5%) were discharged on request. Complications occurred in 7 (16%) patients and mortality in 1 (2%). Twenty three (52%) patients were candidates for chemotherapy either in an adjuvant or palliative seting.

Conclusion

Gastric malignancy was the most common cause of gastric outlet obstruction. Most of the patients in our setup presented with advanced disease and were candidates of palliative treatment only.

 Birat Journal of Health Sciences

 Vol.2/No.1/Issue 2/ Jan - April 2017, Page: 219-221

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Author Biographies

Deepak Kumar Thakur, Department of Surgery, Birat Medical College &Teaching Hospital
Consultant Urologist
B Ghimire, Department of Surgery, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital
Assistant Professor
YP Singh, Department of Surgery, Tribhuvan University-Teaching Hospital
Professor
Published
2017-11-02
How to Cite
Thakur, D., Ghimire, B., & Singh, Y. (2017). Trend in Gastric Outlet Obstruction at Patients Attending Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal. Birat Journal of Health Sciences, 2(2), 219-221. https://doi.org/10.3126/bjhs.v2i2.18531
Section
Original Research Articles