Behavioral Problems among School Going Adolescents in Eastern Development Region of Nepal

  • Tara Kumari Kafle Birat Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Nepal https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8656-432X
  • Tika Kumari Kafle Birat Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Nepal
  • Saidur Mashreky Bangladesh University of Health Sciences, Dhaka
  • Hem Sagar Rimal Birat Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Nepal
  • Durga Sapkota Milestone Institute of Health Research and Development
  • Archana Pokhrel Biratnagar Aspatal Private Limited
Keywords: Behavioural problem, hyper activity, peer problem, mental illness, adolescents

Abstract

Introduction: The public health relevance of mental health conditions including behavioural problems in children and adolescents has been a growing concern over the past decades. There are negligible studies found in mental health domains of adolescents in developing countries; studies with regional or national coverage are lacking in Nepal. Therefore, present study has been designed to explore the magnitude and risk factors of behavioral disorders among adolescents.

Objective: The objective of this study is to examine the prevalence of behavioral disorders and its determinants among school going adolescence in Eastern Development Region of Nepal.

Methodology: The study adopts analytical cross-sectional design with sample size 1500 involving 11 to 17 year school going adolescents and carried out in Eastern Development Region of Nepal during August to December 2016. Multistage probability sampling technique was used to draw the sample and validated self-report SDQ was used to estimate the behavioral problems. Ethical approval was taken from ERB of Nepal Health Research Council. Written informed consent was taken from each participant before collecting the information. Collected information were entered using Epi Data software and processed to SPSS version 16 for analysis. Both bivariate and multivariate analysis were carried out.

Results: The prevalence of total (overall) behavioral problem was found among 35.0 % adolescents. While classifying, 13.3% were suffering from emotional disorder, 11.20% from conduct problem, 7.2% from hyperactivity/inattention, 4.9% from peer relationship problem and 2.1% from prosocial activities. In multivariate analysis, female adolescents, adolescents of uneducated or less educated parents (less than 10+2), residing in mountain ecological belt and adolescents without parents (dead or separated) were found positively associated with behavioral disorders.

Conclusion: Total behavioral problem was found among 35.0% adolescents. adolecents of less educated parents, female sex, Mountain ecological belt and those without parents were more vulnerable to behavioral problem. Therefore, parental care seems to be very much essential to reduce the behavioural problems among children.

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Author Biographies

Tara Kumari Kafle, Birat Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Nepal

Department of Community Medicine,

Tika Kumari Kafle, Birat Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Nepal

Department of Community Medicine

Saidur Mashreky, Bangladesh University of Health Sciences, Dhaka

Department of Non-Communicable Disease

Hem Sagar Rimal, Birat Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Nepal

Department of Paediatrics

Durga Sapkota, Milestone Institute of Health Research and Development

Research Consultant

Archana Pokhrel, Biratnagar Aspatal Private Limited

Department of Psychiatric

Published
2019-09-04
How to Cite
Kafle, T., Kafle, T., Mashreky, S., Rimal, H., Sapkota, D., & Pokhrel, A. (2019). Behavioral Problems among School Going Adolescents in Eastern Development Region of Nepal. Birat Journal of Health Sciences, 4(2), 712-717. https://doi.org/10.3126/bjhs.v4i2.25442
Section
Original Research Articles