Post operative nausea and vomiting, its causes, and the way of its prevention and treatment

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/bjhs.v6i1.37647

Keywords:

Nausea, prophylaxis failure, rescue drugs, vomiting

Abstract

Postoperative nausea and vomiting is still occurring in one third of the patient undergoing surgery under general anaesthesia even after following the guidelines and using multi modal approach for its prevention. Lots of studies have been done for its prevention but very few studies are done for its treatment in Post anaesthetic care unit after the failure of prophylaxis. The purpose of this article is to know about the risk factor, incidence of nausea and vomiting after surgery, its mechanism, available medication (pharmacological and nonpharmacological), reducing risk factor, and mainly to know about the method of using the antiemetic medication in PACU after the failure of the prophylactic medication.

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Author Biographies

Surendra Maharjan, National Trauma Centre (National Academy of Medical Sciences), Nepal

Consultant, Department of Anesthesia and ICU

Zhang Bing, Harbin Medical University, China

Professor Department of Anesthesia

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Published

2021-06-14

How to Cite

Maharjan, S., & Bing, Z. (2021). Post operative nausea and vomiting, its causes, and the way of its prevention and treatment. Birat Journal of Health Sciences, 6(1), 1405–1415. https://doi.org/10.3126/bjhs.v6i1.37647

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Section

Review Articles