Management and Awareness on Health Hazards of Household Waste: A Community based study

Authors

  • Naresh Manandhar Kathmandu Medical College, Nepal https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4113-7076
  • Syed Ataullah Kathmandu Medical College, Nepal
  • Rishav Raj Kathmandu Medical College, Nepal
  • Pallabi Chakraborty Kathmandu Medical College, Nepal
  • Supriya Raya Adhikari Kathmandu Medical College, Nepal
  • Deeksha Sharma Kathmandu Medical College, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/bjhs.v6i2.40307

Keywords:

Disposal, environment, solid waste, waste management

Abstract

Introduction:  Waste is physical things or unwanted materials that are of no use to the human beings.1 Waste management is the activities and actions required to manage waste from its inception to its final disposal.

Objectives: The objective of study is to assess the management and awareness on health hazards of household waste in a community of Khopasi, Kavrepalanchowk district.

Methodology:  The study design was descriptive cross-sectional and it was conducted from 10th November to 15th November 2019 at Khopasi, Kavrepalanchowk using convenience sampling technique in 281 households. The statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 20 was used for data entry and analysis. Descriptive statistics like frequency, mean, percentage etc was calculated.

Results:  The mean age of 281 respondents was 44.89 years. Similarly 43.8% of respondents considered waste management as a major issue and 84.3% had knowledge about health hazards due to improper waste disposal. Forty-seven percentages of the respondents disposed of their waste through waste collecting vehicle, 26% by burning, 17% threw their waste by riverbank, and 9% threw their waste indiscriminately in the surrounding area.

Conclusion: The majority of respondents were aware about adverse effect on their health due to improper waste disposal. However the knowledge of waste management program is poor. They throw waste in the river bank or indiscriminately in open places.

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Author Biographies

Naresh Manandhar, Kathmandu Medical College, Nepal

Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine

Syed Ataullah, Kathmandu Medical College, Nepal

MBBS Student

Rishav Raj, Kathmandu Medical College, Nepal

MBBS Student

Pallabi Chakraborty, Kathmandu Medical College, Nepal

MBBS Student

Supriya Raya Adhikari, Kathmandu Medical College, Nepal

MBBS Student

Deeksha Sharma, Kathmandu Medical College, Nepal

MBBS Student

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Published

2021-11-03

How to Cite

Manandhar, N. ., Ataullah, S. ., Raj, R. ., Chakraborty, P. ., Adhikari, S. R. ., & Sharma, D. . (2021). Management and Awareness on Health Hazards of Household Waste: A Community based study. Birat Journal of Health Sciences, 6(2), 1440–1443. https://doi.org/10.3126/bjhs.v6i2.40307

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Section

Original Research Articles