Association Between Body Mass Index and Blood Pressure Among Medical Students of Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Birgunj

Authors

  • Esha Shrestha Kantipur dental college and teaching hospital https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4503-9975
  • Shreesh Shrestha Virginia Commonwealth University
  • Prashanna Shrestha Kantipur dental college and Teaching Hospital
  • Nirjala Laxmi Madhikarmi Kantipur dental college and Teaching Hospital

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/bjhs.v6i2.40354

Keywords:

Body mass index; Blood pressure; Hypertension; Obesity; Overweight

Abstract

Introduction: Body mass index is an important parameter associated with a variety of disease processes. The risk of hypertension and cardiovascular diseases increases with an increase in body mass index. The study was conducted to compare the relationship between body mass index and blood pressure.

Objective: To evaluate the prevalence and correlate the Obesity and Hypertension in    medical students

 Methodology: The study was conducted in 200 students (113 males and 87 females). Height, weight and blood pressure were recorded from all participants and body mass index was calculated. The recorded body mass index was utilized to divide the student into underweight, normal, over weight and obese category according to the World Health organization body mass index classification. Hypertension was determined from the measure of blood pressure. Then comparison of blood pressure with body mass index was made.

Results: Among 200 students 6% were obese, 22% were overweight, 65% were normal and 7% underweight. The mean height was 163cm and mean weight 60.48kg. The mean value of systolic blood pressure (105.85, 115.45, 134.95, 137.16 mmHg) and diastolic blood pressure (70.14, 76.15, 90.72, 93.33 mmHg) increased with increasing body mass index.

Conclusion: Overweight and obesity increases the risk of hypertension among students.

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Author Biographies

Esha Shrestha, Kantipur dental college and teaching hospital

Lecturer, Department of Clinical Physiology

Shreesh Shrestha, Virginia Commonwealth University

Resident, Depatment of Gastroenterology

Prashanna Shrestha, Kantipur dental college and Teaching Hospital

Lecturer, Department of Clinical Physiology

Nirjala Laxmi Madhikarmi, Kantipur dental college and Teaching Hospital

Associate Professor, Department of Biochemistry

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Published

2021-11-03

How to Cite

Shrestha, E. ., Shrestha, S. ., Shrestha, P. ., & Madhikarmi, N. L. . (2021). Association Between Body Mass Index and Blood Pressure Among Medical Students of Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Birgunj. Birat Journal of Health Sciences, 6(2), 1535–1539. https://doi.org/10.3126/bjhs.v6i2.40354

Issue

Section

Original Research Articles