Effectiveness of Use of Single Dose Preoperative Antibiotic versus both Pre and Post Operative Antibiotics in Patients Undergoing Laparoscopic Uncomplicated Appendectomy in Birat Medical College Teaching Hospital (BMCTH)

Authors

  • Bhupendra Charan Shrestha Birat Medical College and Teaching Hospital
  • Shivraj Sharma Birat Medical College and Teaching Hospital https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5063-6563
  • Rohit Prasad Yadav Birat Medical College and Teaching Hospital
  • Chandra Shekar Agrawal Birat Medical College and Teaching Hospital
  • Narendra Pandit Birat Medical College and Teaching Hospital

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/bjhs.v7i3.52768

Keywords:

Laparoscopic appendectomy, uncomplicated appendicitis, prophylactic preoperative antibiotics, post-operative antibiotic, SSI

Abstract

Introduction: Acute appendicitis is one of the most common surgical emergency. Rationalized use of antibiotics prevents the risk of post operative complications. There is no conclusive recommendation on the duration of antibiotic usage and role of postoperative use of antibiotics in preventing complications in uncomplicated cases remains controversial till date.

Objectives: To compare the effectiveness of single dose preoperative antibiotic with preoperative and postoperative antibiotics for patients undergoing laparoscopic uncomplicated appendectomy.

Methodology: A total number of 113 patients who fulfilled the selection criteria underwent laparoscopic appendectomy for uncomplicated appendicitis and were randomly divided into two groups. Group A patients received only pre operative antibiotics whereas Group B patients received both preoperative and postoperative antibiotics. Patients of both the groups were followed up postoperatively till discharge from the hospital

Results: In this study, patients who received only pre-operative antibiotic were 57 (50.4%) and patients who received both preoperative and postoperative antibiotics were 56(49.6%). SSI was detected in total of 2 patients (1.8%) one from each group and postoperative lump noted in right iliac fossa (RIF) in 2 patients (1.8%) one in each group intraoperatively in which further antibiotic was continued postoperatively. Hematoma, seroma and peritonitis were absent in both the groups. The difference between the two groups for incidence of SSI and postoperative RIF lump was statistically insignificant with P value of 0.748.

Conclusion: Single dose preoperative antibiotic is sufficient in preventing postoperative complications in patients undergoing laparoscopic appendectomy for uncomplicated appendicitis. This can be recommended for implementation as standard operating protocol in such cases.

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Author Biographies

Bhupendra Charan Shrestha, Birat Medical College and Teaching Hospital

Lecturer, Department of General Surgery

Shivraj Sharma, Birat Medical College and Teaching Hospital

Lecturer, Department of General Surgery

Rohit Prasad Yadav, Birat Medical College and Teaching Hospital

Associate Professor, Department of General Surgery

Chandra Shekar Agrawal, Birat Medical College and Teaching Hospital

Professor, Department of General Surgery

Narendra Pandit, Birat Medical College and Teaching Hospital

Associate professor, Department of General Surgery

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Published

2022-12-31

How to Cite

Shrestha, B. C., Sharma, S., Yadav, R. P., Agrawal, C. S., & Pandit, N. (2022). Effectiveness of Use of Single Dose Preoperative Antibiotic versus both Pre and Post Operative Antibiotics in Patients Undergoing Laparoscopic Uncomplicated Appendectomy in Birat Medical College Teaching Hospital (BMCTH). Birat Journal of Health Sciences, 7(3), 1901–1904. https://doi.org/10.3126/bjhs.v7i3.52768

Issue

Section

Original Research Articles