Indications and Findings of Coronary Angiography: A Descriptive Cross-Sectional Study

Authors

  • Madhab Bista Birat Medical College and Teaching Hospital
  • Prashant Shah Birat Medical College and Teaching Hospital
  • Ram Kumar Mehta Birat Medical College and Teaching Hospital

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/bjhs.v8i2.59854

Keywords:

Coronary angiography, Coronary Artery Disease, Coronary Vessels

Abstract

Introduction: Coronary artery disease is an important subset of cardiovascular disease that requires timely, accurate, and cost-effective diagnosis. Among several modalities practiced to evaluate this disease; coronary angiography is the gold standard.

Objective: The objective of this study was to identify indications and findings of coronary angiography among patients admitted at Birat Medical College Teaching Hospital.

Methodology: A descriptive cross-sectional study conducted at Department of Cardiology, Birat Medical College Teaching Hospital from 1 September 2021 to 30 June 2022 after taking ethical approval from Institutional Review Committee (Ref No: IRC-PA-167/2078-79). A total of 202 patients were included through consecutive sampling. Data was collected on baseline characteristics, indications and findings of coronary angiography. Frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation was calculated.

Result: Maximum percentage of patients were in the age group 60-69 years (20.8% males and 16.3% females) with mean± S.D(60.1± 11.1). The most common indication for coronary angiography was angina (34.1%) and treadmill test positive (24.3%). Nearly 62% had abnormal findings. Single vessel disease was present in 25.2%, double vessel disease in 5.9% and triple vessel disease in 20.6%. Other findings were cardiac bridging (2.9%), non-critical coronary artery disease (1.9%) and in-stent restenosis (0.5%).

Conclusion: The most common indication of coronary angiography was chronic stable angina and the majority had vessel diseases.

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Author Biographies

Madhab Bista, Birat Medical College and Teaching Hospital

Lecturer, Department of Cardiology

Prashant Shah, Birat Medical College and Teaching Hospital

Associate Professor, Department of Cardiology

Ram Kumar Mehta, Birat Medical College and Teaching Hospital

Assistant Professor, Department of Internal Medicine

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Published

2023-11-27

How to Cite

Bista, M., Shah, P., & Mehta, R. K. (2023). Indications and Findings of Coronary Angiography: A Descriptive Cross-Sectional Study. Birat Journal of Health Sciences, 8(2), 2029–2033. https://doi.org/10.3126/bjhs.v8i2.59854

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Section

Original Research Articles