Drivers of changing crops and cropping patterns in the different elevation zones of middle mountain, Nepal

Authors

  • Prem Sagar Chapagain Central Department of Geography, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Payaswini Ghimire Central Department of Geography, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Jianzhong Yan Colleges of Resource and Environment, South West University, Chongqing, China
  • Xian Cheng Colleges of Resource and Environment, South West University, Chongqing, China
  • Linshan Liu Institutes of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Beijing, China
  • Yili Zhang Institutes of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Beijing, China

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/gjn.v15i01.42883

Keywords:

Crops, elevation zone, drivers, climate change, events and processes, agricultural landscape

Abstract

Studies on rural livelihood, agriculture patterns from different parts of Nepal have mentioned the introduction of new crops from different pocket areas of the country primarily resulted due to climate change and market development. However, these
studies have lacked scholarship on how the changes occur in rural areas and how rural households have adopted the changes are least focused. Based on the field surveys using questionnaires, interviews, FGD, analysis of climate data, and map data, this
paper aims to fulfill the aforementioned gap based on the study from three elevation zones. It shows a wider adoption of different new crops and vegetables which are varied by elevation zones and by the cultural groups living there. The detailed analysis of
various events and underlying processes concludes that out-migration and off-farm employment, infrastructure development and increasing connectivity, climate change, access to market, and changing food habits are the major drivers of the changes. These
drivers began to play their roles at different times, and different scales in different zones, and finally their complex interplay resulted changes in the rural agricultural landscape.

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Published

2022-02-18

How to Cite

Chapagain, P. S., Ghimire, P., Yan, J., Cheng, X., Liu, L., & Zhang, Y. (2022). Drivers of changing crops and cropping patterns in the different elevation zones of middle mountain, Nepal. Geographical Journal of Nepal, 15(01), 1–22. https://doi.org/10.3126/gjn.v15i01.42883

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Articles