Comparison of CNN Architecture of Image Classification Using CIFAR10 Datasets

Authors

  • Yogesh Pant Sagarmatha Engineering College, Sanepa, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Gaurav Shah Sagarmatha Engineering College, Sanepa, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Roshan Ojha Sagarmatha Engineering College, Sanepa, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Roshan Thapa Sagarmatha Engineering College, Sanepa, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Bharat Bhatta Sagarmatha Engineering College, Sanepa, Lalitpur, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/injet.v1i1.60898

Keywords:

Convolutional Neural Network (CNN), CIFAR-10 dataset, Image classification, architecture comparison, performance evaluation

Abstract

This paper demonstrates image classification using deep learning. Deep learning has the inherent ability to automatically discover and extract meaningful features for specific applications. Among the popular techniques in deep learning, the convolutional neural network (CNN) stands out. CNN consists of an input layer, hidden layers, and an output layer, where meaningful features are automatically extracted from input images.

This paper presents the performance and identifies the most effective CNN architectures for accurately classifying images in the CIFAR-10 dataset. Five CNN architectures were implemented, namely [Architecture 1], [Architecture 2], [Architecture 3], [Architecture 4], and [Architecture 5] using the CIFAR-10 dataset. The architectures were selected based on the need to explore variations in convolutional filter sizes, dense layers, and batch normalization to assess their impact on CIFAR-10 image classification performance. Each architecture was trained on a standard training set and evaluated on a validation set. We used specific details on data preprocessing and training settings for a consistent and fair comparison. After training and evaluation, we have obtained the following results for each architecture.

Architecture 1 has a training accuracy of 74.7% and validation accuracy of 76.6%, Architecture 2 has 96.09% and 86.08%, Architecture 3 has 77% and 78.1%, Architecture 4 has 67.91% and 69.54%, and Architecture 5 has 94.64% and 87.34% of training accuracy and validation accuracy respectively. After conducting a comparative analysis, we found that Architecture 5 has achieved the highest validation accuracy in classifying images in the CIFAR-10 dataset. These findings suggest that Architecture 5 is a promising choice for image classification tasks involving the CIFAR-10 dataset.

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Published

2023-12-21

How to Cite

Pant, Y., Shah, G., Ojha, R., Thapa, R., & Bhatta, B. (2023). Comparison of CNN Architecture of Image Classification Using CIFAR10 Datasets. International Journal on Engineering Technology, 1(1), 37–52. https://doi.org/10.3126/injet.v1i1.60898

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Section

Articles