Interdisciplinary Research in Education https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/ire <p>A publication of the Research Management Cell, Central Department of Education, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Kathmandu, Nepal.</p> Research Management Cell, Central Department of Education, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal en-US Interdisciplinary Research in Education 2676-1483 Interdisciplinary issues in education https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/ire/article/view/43644 <p>The fundamental importance of education is to unlock, reveal or make evident the unique potential of students. It is often regarded as a synonym for learning and is a product of experience. Education is also considered a restructuring or reorganization of experience to build new knowledge.As a lifelong learning process, education lasts from birth to death, and schools are not the only institutions that provide education. The role of educational institutions in providing quality education is by no means sufficient. Continued research and development activities are always relevant in this context.Learning involves continuous and constant changes in experience, ideas, knowledge, attitudes and skills, all complemented by homes, communities, religions, the media, etc., but educators innovate in this regard by considering development that can do a lot to come up with ideas. The present sixth volume, Issue 2 of Interdisciplinary Research in Education includes fourteen original articles. This is an attempt to address ongoing changes in the education sector, including both empirical research and desk reviews that help expand existing knowledge and understanding, especially in the areas of curriculum, pedagogy and education management.</p> Bhagwan Aryal Copyright (c) 2021 Interdisciplinary Research in Education 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 6 2 10.3126/ire.v6i2.43644 A Correlation Study between the Attitudes of the Students’ towards Mathematics with their Performance in Mathematics https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/ire/article/view/43532 <p>The present study was conducted with an objective to identify the relation between the attitudes of students towards mathematics with their performance in mathematics. Based on the survey research design, the study was conducted in a sample of 154 ten grader students. The performances of the students in mathematics were obtained by the school administration whereas their attitudes towards mathematics were determined with the help of survey form entitled ‘Fennema-Sherman Mathematics Attitude Scale’. The survey form was divided into eight categories as attitudes towards success in mathematics, confidence in learning mathematics, mathematics anxiety, motivation in learning mathematics, teacher scale, parents scale, mathematics usefulness and mathematics as a male domain. The study concluded with the positive correlation between the performances of the students with their attitudes towards mathematics.</p> Ram Chandra Ghimire Copyright (c) 2021 Interdisciplinary Research in Education 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 6 2 1 12 10.3126/ire.v6i2.43532 A Disparity of Youngsters’ Fitness among Girl Students in the Public Campuses ofTerai Region, Nepal https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/ire/article/view/43533 <p> </p> <p> The objective of this paper presents to compare the disparity of youngsters’ fitness among girl students between Saptagandaki and Nav Kshitiz public campuses of Terai region, Nepal. It hypothesized that there is significance difference between them. Among test items of AAHPER standing broad jump, shuttle run and sit-ups (flexed leg) have applied as tool of this paper. Altogether 40 youngsters’ girls were the respondents, whereas 20 students from each campus designated through multistage sampling method. While comparison to the mean scores of Nav Kshitiz youngsters, the Saptagandaki youngsters found better fitness in all three test scores as well as composite score. Furthermore it applied p-value of t-test, there were found significance difference in the youngsters’ fitness scores an overall test items between both groups. Hence, hypothesis is accepted. In comparison to the Nav Kshitiz youngsters, the Saptagandaki youngsters have more involved in the physical works and sporting activities.</p> Suresh Jang Shahi Copyright (c) 2021 Interdisciplinary Research in Education 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 6 2 13 22 10.3126/ire.v6i2.43533 Appraisal of Trends in Mathematics Education Curriculum: Gender and Indigenous Knowledge Perspectives https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/ire/article/view/43534 <p>This paper is based on analysis of curriculum and experiences generated from mathematics teachers’ educators and desk review of curriculum document.It also focuses the critical appraisal of the curriculum Trends in Mathematics Education on gender and indigenous knowledge perspectivesThiscourse is recently revised and approved by theFaculty of Education for Masters level students of Mathematics Education. This course has been designed and prepared to trace the trends of various aspects of teaching and learning mathematics education. It critically assessedthe social, cultural, and inclusive educational issues and problems including gender and indigenous knowledge (IK) in teaching and learning mathematics practices at different levels from school to the university. The findings of the study shows that in the context of present curriculum Trends in Mathematics Education, there is little bit space for gender and IK but it is not sufficient. The opinion of teachers revels that some of the teachers integrated the issue of gender and IK on pedagogy, assessment and research. We can apply gender responsive pedagogy by inspiring students to make gender-reflections, generate greater equality in the classroom, and stimulate students to become gender-actors in society at large.</p> Lok Nath Bhattarai Copyright (c) 2021 Interdisciplinary Research in Education 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 6 2 23 34 10.3126/ire.v6i2.43534 Constructivist Approach in Learning Chemistry: A Case of High School in Nepal https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/ire/article/view/43535 <p>This study examined the effectiveness of constructivist approach on learning in chemistry by using pre-test, post-test, and experimental and control group design. A sample of 32,grouped as experimental group (16) and control group (16) ongrade XII students of Laboratory secondary school were selected by using the random sampling technique.5E’s learning (Engage-Explore-Explain-Elaborate-Evaluate) strategy has been applied to experimental group and Traditional method of teaching followed by control group.Pre and post tests were used to see the difference in two groups. T-test was used to check the significance difference between experiment and control group after experiment. The result shows that Constructivist learning approach significantly improves student’s achievement in chemistry as compared to using a traditional teaching. It is therefore recommended that constructivist 5E-model strategy be used in teaching for the development of student’s higher achievement in chemistry at secondary level. </p> Rishi Ram Subedi Copyright (c) 2021 Interdisciplinary Research in Education 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 6 2 35 42 10.3126/ire.v6i2.43535 Gender Perspectives on Mathematical Content Preferences at Secondary Level https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/ire/article/view/43537 <p>This study was conducted to examinestudent’spreferences on mathematical content area and contents within each content area at secondary level. The respondent were 60 students, including 33 girls and 27 boys, who were selected using stratified random sampling method. Descriptive survey design was used with the help of survey questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics (Mean and Std.) and inferential statistics (t-test). The result of the study revealed that Set was the most preferable content area in mathematics in compare to other area for both boys and girls. Whereas, boys least preferableand difficult area was Geometry, while girls was Probability. Most important contents for their future life were Arithmetic related contents in comparison to other contents within content area. Likewise, the study found that the mean difference between boys and girls was not statistically significant with preferences in overall mathematical content area and overall contents within content area. Similarly, there was not significant differences exist between boys and girls with preferences in each content area and every contents within each content area except one content of Arithmetic.</p> Hom Kumari Adhikari Copyright (c) 2021 Interdisciplinary Research in Education 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 6 2 43 52 10.3126/ire.v6i2.43537 Practices of Social Justice in the Experiences of Private School Teachers https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/ire/article/view/43538 <p>Private schools have become the choice for the quality of education for both parents and students. Private school associations can influence government officials and policy regarding on the contribution on education system of country. However, the voices of the private school's teachers are not amplified in the lines of decision making process. In this context, this study aims to explore the present social justice practices in the experience of private school teacher. For this purpose,narrative inquiry design has been adopted. Purposively, four participants from different private schools in the Kathmandu valley are selected. An in-depth interview with teachers was conducted to assess the teachers' perspectives on social justice. To isolate the primary subject, the transcribed data was coded and reorganized by decoding. Data triangulation was employed to assure the accuracy of our study and results. Study found, the school's leadership cannot ensure justice on its own. Inclusion of a diverse range of people is inadequately handled. The teaching and non-teaching staffs have lack of understanding and trust in one another. School leadership does not appreciate and respect their needs, desires, or interests. Teachers are less priorities and they do not involve in planning and decision-making process of school.</p> Dawa Sherpa Copyright (c) 2021 Interdisciplinary Research in Education 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 6 2 53 62 10.3126/ire.v6i2.43538 Significance of Teaching the Pronunciation of Segmental and Suprasegmental Features of English https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/ire/article/view/43539 <p>Pronunciation is an essential and rudimentary facet of language involved in an oral communication. This article attempts to highlight the significance of teaching the pronunciationof segmental and suprasegmental features of English. The segmental features involve consonant and vowel sounds or phonemes, whereas the suprasegmental features include stress, rhythm, intonation, pitch, length etc. The central function of a language is for communication through speech. The speech is sequences of the pronunciation of segmental as well as suprasegmental features. At least, legible pronunciation is essential for anunderstandable communication. Legible pronunciation of any one of Standard British English (SBE), Scottish Standard English and General American English (GAE) is indispensable for the proper and effective oral communication in the global context. Standard British English (SBE) is normally used in context of teaching English to the students in Nepal. It is a difficult task to teach the standard pronunciation to the students whose native tongue is not English, but teaching pronunciation can improve their ways of speaking to some extent. There is not always one-to-one corresponding correlation between spellings and their sounds in words. A spelling may retain different sounds in different phonetic environment. The article writer has pinpointed some instances where the wrong pronunciation of a speaker can lead to a misleading communication. To avoid the wrong or unintelligible pronunciation, it is necessary to teach the intelligible or standard pronunciation of English to our students.</p> Lok Raj Sharma Copyright (c) 2021 Interdisciplinary Research in Education 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 6 2 63 78 10.3126/ire.v6i2.43539 Teachers’ Satisfaction: Implications for Job Performance https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/ire/article/view/43540 <p>The main objective of this study is to explore the teachers' satisfaction and their implications on job performance in schools. This study is based on a qualitative phenomenological research design and the study focused on perspectives of teachers' job satisfaction. Secondary data analysis is used and analyzed qualitatively with critical review. In educational sector, teachers are the individuals, who deliver an effective contribution in imparting knowledge, attitudes, development of skills and abilities, leading to overall growth and development of the students and welfare of the community. They are professional and ethical in their job performance. It is vital for the teachers to be satisfied with their job in order to perform their duties up to the required standard. Results show that a lack of resources, lack of dynamic leadership, overcrowded classes, lacks of discipline among learners, work overload, low salary, administrative issues, and lack of recognition by principals, job security, lack of professional opportunities, and parents for good work done were serious sources of dissatisfaction among teachers. The findings, implications from this study include offering specific professional development suggestions, as well as critical way for further examining teachers’ motivation to learn as a research topic and theoretical construct.</p> Jhupa Kumari Budhathoki Copyright (c) 2021 Interdisciplinary Research in Education 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 6 2 79 88 10.3126/ire.v6i2.43540 Teaching Current Events Insecondary Level Social Studies Classroom in Nepal https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/ire/article/view/43541 <p>The purpose of the study was to explore how social studies teachers follow the current events in social studies classroom. The study used phenomenological approach of qualitative research design. In this study, semi structured interview technique was used as qualitative research method was utilized as a means of data collection. For this purpose, interviews were held with 10 social studies teachers in the study group. The interview were recorded on an audio recorder to avoid data loss and then after transcribed. The primary mode of analysis is the development of categories or themes from the raw data. The themes were divided into eight groups and analysis was made through the interpretative method. The results showed that all social studies teachers followed current events in their classroom.It has become necessary to prompt the more active participation of students in the classroom to take advantage of current events to make the social studies lesson more interesting and fun.</p> Keshav Raj Dhakal Copyright (c) 2021 Interdisciplinary Research in Education 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 6 2 89 98 10.3126/ire.v6i2.43541 Technology Supported Classroom for Collaborative Learning https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/ire/article/view/43542 <p>Technology has been one of the basic needs of the modern society. Technology can empower both teachers and students and can create a space for collaboration. Considering the role of technology in collaborative learning, this study envisaged to explore how teachers perceive about technology supported ELT classroom for collaborative learning and to discover the strategies adopted by the language teachers to enhance technology supported classroom for collaborative learning. To meet the objectives of the study, tenhigher secondary level (+2) level language teachers who were teaching collaboratively by using technological tools in the different colleges of Kirtipur were selected purposively and were interviewed in-depth based on certain open-ended questions related to the study. Their interviews were recorded for data. The data were carefully documented and the collected data were analyzed and interpreted descriptively having certain themes. The findings of the study revealed that the teachers have positive perception about technology supported ELT classroom for collaborative learning and the teachers mainly followed student-centered technique as their strategies in order to enhance technology supported ELT classroom for collaborative learning.</p> Sunil Prasad Chauhan Copyright (c) 2021 Interdisciplinary Research in Education 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 6 2 99 106 10.3126/ire.v6i2.43542 Using Learners’ Home Languages in English Classrooms: Multilingual Awareness of Teachers https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/ire/article/view/43543 <p>The field of pedagogy has ever been debated and discussed issue in terms of approaches, methods, and strategies to be adopted. Especially, the use of learners’ languages and cultures has recently been more critically observed. Although the proponents of traditional methods such as the direct method and audio-lingual method strongly believed that the use of learners’ L1 hinders SL/FL learning,scholars such as Cummins (2007) and Garcia (2008) have indicated the supportive role of learners’ home languages in EFL classrooms. Being inspired by recent works of literature, this study was carried out to analyse teachers’ multilingual awareness, particularly focusing on the use of learners’ home languages in English classrooms. The findings of the study showed that teachers are multilingually aware of children’s home languages and advocate for using those languages in English classrooms. Particularly, considering the reasons for using such languages in English classrooms, the study indicated that children’s home languages help to develop theconcept and build knowledge, to promote learners’ participation in learning activities, and to create spaces for minority children in terms of language.</p> Resham Acharya Copyright (c) 2021 Interdisciplinary Research in Education 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 6 2 107 116 10.3126/ire.v6i2.43543 नेपालका विद्यालयमामातृभाषामा सिकाइको स्थिति https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/ire/article/view/43544 <p>प्रस्तुत लेख नेपालमा मातृभाषामा सिकाइको स्थितिको विश्लेषणमा केन्द्रित रहेको छ ।यस लेखको प्रमुख उद्देश्य नेपालका विद्यालयमा माध्यम वा विषयका रूपमा मातृभाषा अध्ययन अध्यापन हुने अवस्थाकोअध्ययन गर्नु रहेको छ । मातृभाषालाई बहुसंस्कृति र भाषा, मातृभाषामा शिक्षा र बहुभाषिक शिक्षा, बहुभाषिकता र संज्ञानात्मक विकासकोे कोणबाट हेरिएको छ । विश्वमा भाषाको स्थिति र शिक्षा, नेपालको जनगणनामा मातृभाषाको सङ्ख्या र वक्ता सङ्ख्या, नेपालमा मातृभाषा मानिएका विदेशी भाषा र त्यसको वैधता निर्माणको आधार, नेपालमा मातृभाषामा शिक्षा सञ्चालनको लागि भएका प्रयास र वर्नमान अवस्था जस्ता शीर्षकमा रहेर खोजमूलक सामग्री प्रस्तुत गरिएको छ । दक्षिण एसियाली राष्ट्रहरूमा मातृभाषा शिक्षणमा भएका प्रयास र नेपालले गरेको कानुनी र व्यवहारिक कार्यलाई यस लेखमा समेटिने प्रयास गरिएको छ । सामग्री सङ्कलनमा द्वितीयक स्रोतका सामग्रीको उपयोग गर्दै पुस्तकालयको प्रयोग गरी विभिन्न सन्दर्भ पुस्तक, जर्नल, शोधपत्र, अनुसन्धानमूलक लेख, पत्रपत्रिकाको उपयोग गरी वर्णनात्मक, विश्लेषणात्मक रूपमा विश्लेष्य विषयको निष्कर्षमा पुगिने विशुद्ध गुणात्मक विधिको उपयोग गरिएको छ । मातृभाषामा शिक्षाप्रति जिज्ञासा भएका जिज्ञासु, अनुसन्धाता, विद्यार्थी, पाठक वर्गलाई प्रस्तुत लेखले प्राज्ञिक खुराक दिने कुराको विश्वास लिन सकिन्छ ।</p> गोपालबहादुर श्रेष्ठ Copyright (c) 2021 Interdisciplinary Research in Education 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 6 2 117 132 10.3126/ire.v6i2.43544 नेपाली बालउपन्यासमा प्रस्तुत सपनाको विश्लेषण https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/ire/article/view/43546 <p>नेपाली बालउपन्यासमा प्रस्तुत सपनाको विश्लेषण गर्नु यस लेखको प्रमुख उद्देश्य हो । पुस्तकालयीय अध्ययन प्रक्रियाबाट तथ्य सङ्कलन गरी नेपाली बालउपन्यासलाई प्राथमिक सामग्रीका रूपमा उपयोग गरिएको छ । बालमनोविज्ञान तथा सपनासँग सम्बन्धित विभिन्न सैद्धान्तिक पुस्तकहरूलाई द्वितीयक सामग्रीका रूपमा लिइएको यस लेखमा वर्णनात्मक विधिको उपयोग गरिएको छ । नेपाली बालउपन्यासमा सपनाका सन्दर्भलाई बालमनोवैज्ञानिक पक्षसँग सम्बन्धित गरी स्वाभाविक तरिकाबाट प्रस्तुत गरिएको छ । नेपाली बालउपन्यासमा सामाजिक परिवेश तथा संरचनाको प्रभाव बालमस्तिष्कमा परेको र तिनले सपनाका माध्यमबाट अभिव्यक्त गरेको देखाइएको छ। बालबालिकाहरूले आपूmले चाहेका विषय वा वस्तु प्राप्त गर्न नसक्दा सपनाका माध्यमबाट इच्छापूर्ति गरेको देखाइएको छ । त्यस्तै उनीहरूले आपूmले भोेगेका पीडा तथा अपमानको पनि बदला सपनामा नै लिएर सन्तुष्ट भएको सङ्केत गर्दै बालमनोवैज्ञानिक पक्षको सघन उठान गरिएको छ । बालबालिकाहरू साथीहरूबिचका प्रेम, ईष्र्या, खुसी, रिस आदि संवेग पनि बालबालिकाले सपनामा देखेका सन्दर्भ पनि नेपाली बालउपन्यासमा व्यक्त भएका छन् । नेपाली बालउपन्यासमा व्यक्त सपनाको सन्दर्भ विश्लेषण गर्दा बालबालिका आपूmले चाहेका, कल्पना गरेका तथा भोगेका विषय वा वस्तुलाई सपनामा देखेका सन्दर्भलाई समावेश गरिएको निष्कर्ष प्रस्तुत अध्ययनबाट प्राप्त भएको छ ।</p> राजेन्द्र खनाल Copyright (c) 2021 Interdisciplinary Research in Education 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 6 2 133 144 10.3126/ire.v6i2.43546 भाषिक सिप सहजीकरणमा बहुबौद्धिकता https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/ire/article/view/43547 <p>प्रस्तुत लेख भाषा शिक्षणमा बहुबौद्धिकताको उपयोगसँग सम्बन्धित छ । प्रत्येक व्यक्ति आफैँमा क्षमतावान् र प्रतिभाशाली हुन्छन् । विद्यार्थीमा जुन प्रतिभा वा क्षमता छ त्यही आधारमा शिक्षण गर्नुपर्छ । गार्डनरद्वारा स्थापित बहुबौद्धिकताका सिद्धान्तका आधारमा भाषिक सिप सहजीकरणका क्षेत्र पहिचान गरी त्यसको उपयोगिता किटान गर्नु नै यस अध्ययनको मुख्य उद्देश्य हो । यस लेख निर्माणका लागि सैद्धान्तिक पद्धतिको उपयोग गरिएको छ । पूर्वकार्यको अध्ययनबाट प्राप्त सार वा ज्ञानका आधारमा लेख तयार गरिएकाले पूर्णतः द्वितीय स्रोतका सामग्रीमा आधारित छ । यसमा बौद्धिकताका प्रकारलाई चर्चा गर्दै भाषिक सिप सहजीकरणमा त्यसको अन्तर्सम्बन्ध कायम गरिएको छ । बहुबौद्धिकता प्रकारका रूपमा स्थापित भाषिक बौद्धिकता, तार्किक बौद्धिकता, दृश्यात्मक बौद्धिकता, शारीरिक गतिबोधक बौद्धिकता, साङ्गीतिक बौद्धिकता, अन्तरवैयक्तिक बौद्धिकता, आन्तरिक बौद्धिकता र प्राकृतिक बौद्धिकतालाई भाषिक सिप सहजीकरणमा उपयोग गर्न सकिने निष्कर्ष निकालिएको छ । बहुबौद्धिकता अनुकूल सिकाइ सहजीकरण सञ्चालनका लागि भाषा पाठ्यव्रmम निर्माता, पाठ्यपुस्तक लेखक तथा शिक्षकहरूको सव्रिmयता आवश्यक रहने देखिन्छ ।</p> उमेश काफ्ले Copyright (c) 2021 Interdisciplinary Research in Education 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 6 2 145 160 10.3126/ire.v6i2.43547