Journal of Business and Social Sciences Research <p>The Journal of Business and Social Sciences Research is the official publication of the Ace Institute of Management, Kathmandu, Nepal. It is a&nbsp; double, blind peer review, open-access journal. It follows a plagiarism-check system to rid&nbsp; the papers of plagiarism.&nbsp;</p> Ace Institute of Management en-US Journal of Business and Social Sciences Research 2542-2812 <p>© JBSSR/AIM</p><p>Authors are required to transfer their Copyright to the Journal of Business and Social Sciences Research.</p><p> </p> Managing in the pandemic-induced era: HR competency is the key <p>Not Available&nbsp;</p> Arhan Sthapit Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 6 2 10.3126/jbssr.v6i2.44716 Impact of Financial Risk, Current Accounts, and Financial Crisis on Foreign Direct Investment: A Study on Developing Countries in the ASEAN Region <p>This study investigates the impact of financial risk, current accounts, and financial crisis on FDI in the developing countries of ASEAN. More specifically, the study examines the effects of the inflation rate, FOREX, lending interest rate, and foreign debt as financial risk components. The panel data have been used from 1995 to 2019 in the region's eight selected countries, divided into two categories according to their income levels: the low-middle income (viz., Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, the Philippines, and Vietnam) and upper-middle-income (viz., Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand). The study showed that foreign debt, exchange rate, interest rate, and current accounts for lower-middle-income ASEAN countries are potential determinants of FDI. In contrast, inflation and the financial crisis are both found to be insignificant in determining FDI. For upper-middle-income ASEAN countries, the panel least square method revealed that current accounts, foreign debt, interest rate, inflation rate, and exchange rate are significant factors of FDI. Hence, like lower-middle-income countries, the financial crisis also has no effect on FDI in this region. However, the random effects method exhibited that all variables affect the FDI for upper-middle-income countries.</p> Allyssa Nicandra A. Cajano Sheena A. Carrillo Vien Blanch Z. Gaton Ronaldo R. Cabauatan Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 6 2 1 24 10.3126/jbssr.v6i2.44683 Choice of Management Specialisation Courses: Assessing the Role of Consideration of Prospects, and Individual and Social Factors <p> This paper presents the results of a survey that examined the decision-making variables influencing the specialisation choice of undergraduate management students from a consumer behaviour perspective. Tribhuvan University has designed their undergraduate BBA programme by offering students the facility to customise their educational programme through the specialisation in four different areas: banking &amp; finance, industry and services management, micro enterprise management, and sales and marketing management. Using the factorial ANCOVA research design and multistage sampling technique, 114 students from 10 out of 25 campuses, the study concludes that the past academic performance (individual factor) has the significant effect on selecting the specialisation courses among banking and finance, and marketing management. The effect of social factor and future prospect consideration have insignificant effect on SC after controlling the covariate individual factor (past academic performance). However, the significant interaction of SF_I and FPC_I in the full factorial model implies that there is at least effect of the intensities of SF and FPC on the specialisation course selection among the TU BBA students.</p> Shankar Kumar Shrestha Bikash Shrestha Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 6 2 25 40 10.3126/jbssr.v6i2.44695 Corporate Age Discrimination and Inclusion as a Mitigating Measure: A Sri Lankan Perspective <p>Age discrimination and its harmful effects are widespread. However, the corporate sector’s contribution in causing it has received neither due attention nor appropriate counteraction. While practising age discrimination, organisations strive to curb the same as they are challenged by an acute lack of knowledge and expertise. Discrimination/Inclusion predominantly deals with race, colour, religion, etc., ignoring age discrimination/ age inclusion. Further, the constructs of Discrimination/ Inclusion have no dedicated theories, nor have been adequately studied, tested, or measured in the corporate context. This presents a grave theoretical and empirical void which the current study aims to address. Given the study's exploratory nature, qualitative research under the Interpretivist paradigm employing in-depth one-on-one interviews of 20 employees and two focus groups of six employees each was adopted. Based on thematic analysis of data, the study found three key findings (Annexure I &amp; II); <em>one</em>, organisations generate age discrimination through age-based bias, age-prototyping and institutionalisation of discriminative practices. <em>Two</em>, under the individual factor, work-related generational competency/ incompetency creates age discrimination. <em>Finally</em>, inclusion is experienced through feelings of “uniqueness and belongingness” and “conducive climate and supportive infrastructure” that supports performance and wellbeing.</p> C D Kumar Samantha Rathnayake Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 6 2 41 66 10.3126/jbssr.v6i2.44712 Use, Acceptance and Applicability of Virtual Learning by MBA Students in Kathmandu <p>The present paper aims to study the MBA programme students’ behavioural intention, use, acceptance and the applicability of virtual learning in Kathmandu. Besides, the study also aims at identifying the influence of performance expectancy, effort expectancy, social influence, and facilitating (UTAUT constructs) conditions on behavioural intention and user acceptance of virtual learning. The research paper is based on descriptive research design and inferential analysis. The study made use of primary data collected through a structured questionnaire surveyed on 142 MBA students using a convenience sampling technique. The results showed that MBA programme students have behavioural intention and use and accept virtual learning. Performance expectancy, social influence, and facilitating conditions have a significantly positive impact on both behavioural intention and user acceptance of virtual learning. Besides, performance expectancy and social influence impacted both the behavioural intention and user acceptance of virtual learning the most. MBA students intend to use virtual learning and have agreed to accept and use virtual learning. Therefore, business schools should invest in technologies for improving virtual learning. To maximise the use of virtual learning, its usefulness should be showed to students; and teachers/ peers’ encouragement also increases the use of virtual learning.</p> Aarju Bhurtel Pravat Uprety Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 6 2 67 85 10.3126/jbssr.v6i2.44713 Analysis of Household Lighting Fuel Choice in Rwanda, Africa: Using the Multinomial Logit Model <p>This paper seeks to identify the determining control factors that influence the fuel energy choice for lighting purposes in Rwanda by applying the Multinomial Logit Regression to the national representative survey at household level data. The study revealed that the households with higher income adopt the use the cleaner and modern fuel energy sources, confirming the hypothesis for the energy ladder. Not only household income exerting impact on the fuel energy choice for lighting, but also the other fuel choices that are the significant determining variables in Rwanda are the number of the rooms occupied by household, type of dwelling for household, age of the household head, whether the household head has the formal education, the household size, type of the habitat for the household and the location of the household. This paper suggests deployment and utilisation of solar potential for supplying the cleaner and modern fuel energy for lighting purposes in the remote area of Rwanda (Africa) which may be replicated in other developing countries in the world.</p> Emmanuel Niyonshuti Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 6 2 87 97 10.3126/jbssr.v6i2.44714