Journal of Business and Social Sciences Research <p>The Journal of Business and Social Sciences Research is the official publication of the Ace Institute of Management, Kathmandu, Nepal. It is a double, blind peer review, open-access journal. It follows a plagiarism-check system to rid the papers of plagiarism. It is a bi-annual publication brought out in June and December of the year.</p> en-US <p>© JBSSR/AIM</p><p>Authors are required to transfer their Copyright to the Journal of Business and Social Sciences Research.</p><p> </p> (Prof. Dr. Arhan Sthapit) (Sioux Cumming) Wed, 24 Aug 2022 09:20:53 +0000 OJS 60 Building Virtual Teams: In Wake of Emerging Remote-Working culture <p>Not Available&nbsp;</p> Arhan Sthapit Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 24 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Mediating Role of Critical Psychological States in Relationship between Person–Job Fit and Intention to Leave in Uganda <p>This study aimed at determining the role of critical psychological states in the relationship between person-job fit and intention to leave among medical workers of Mulago National Referral Hospital in Uganda. The study adopted a cross sectional descriptive survey design. A sample of 475 medical workers was selected. Based on a structured questionnaire with Likert type statements this study used both descriptive and inferential statistics for data analysis. To test the hypothesis that critical psychological state mediates the relationship between person-job fit and intention to leave, Baron and Kenny four-step regression analysis was used. The study results confirmed that critical psychological state mediates the relationship between person-job fit and intention to leave. The results have contributed to the job characteristics theory, and it advises organisations to improve the fit between employees and their jobs, make jobs more meaningful and give employees responsibility for their work, and provide feedback to employees.</p> Paul Okatege, Peter O. K'Obonyo, Mercy Flora Oluoch, Mercy Munjuri Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 24 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Impact of COVID-19 on Green Financial Practices of Banks and Financial Institutions in Bangladesh <p>Bank and financial institutions (FIs) as environmentally friendly and socially responsible institutions plays important role in balancing sustainable economic development and environmental conservation through green financing guided by Bangladesh Bank (BB). COVID 19 has kept an adverse effect on the whole economy and economic system. The aim of this study was to see whether COVID-19 has any impact on the green performance of bank and financial institutions. Secondary data from the Bangladesh Bank was collected through document analysis and a qualitative analysis was made. It was seen that COVID-19 affected most of the sectors of the green activities of bank and Financial Institutions. Time befitting policies should be taken by the government and Bangladesh Bank to get rid of these effects.&nbsp;</p> Zarin Khan Moon, Md. Mahedi Hasan Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 24 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Impact of Non-Monetary Factors on Employee Performance: A Case of Internet Service Provider Sector in Kathmandu Valley <p>This study examined the impact of non-monetary factors (training, organisational support, promotion, job security, co-worker incivility and job rotation) on employee performance in Internet Service Provider (ISP) firms. The study used an inferential research approach to analyse the impact of independent variables on dependent variable. A standardised questionnaire was surveyed on a sample of 200 ISP employees from the Kathmandu Valley. The results demonstrate that job security and co-worker incivility have statistically significant effects on employee performance, but the rest of the independent variables do not. Based on finding, it is recommended that more the job security, more the employee performance in company and reduction of co-worker incivility around organisation environment will help boost employee confidence and performance. Along with this, this research also showed area for refurnishing other variables like available training, organisational support, promotion facility and application of job rotation for creating more impact of it on employee performance.</p> Pranay Manandhar, Pravat Uprety Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 24 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Dividend Policy of Banking Firms in Nepal: A Survey of Managerial Perspectives <p>This paper analyses the views of managers of banking firms in Nepal to understand their perceptions towards dividend theories and factors affecting dividend policy. Based on a mail survey among 79 directors and CEOs of banking firms in Nepal during the months January to March 2022, the study suggests that managers prefer at most the combination of cash and stock dividend to be distributed to their shareholders. With respect to their preferences towards given form of dividend payments, managers claim that they generally go with shareholders’ preferences in deciding the forms of dividend payments. The study results further demonstrate strong support for signalling and bird-in-hand explanations of dividend theories. Among the 14 factors affecting dividend policy, the study reveals that firm’s level of current earnings, including the pattern of past earnings and stability of earnings are important factors in determining dividend policy of banking firms in Nepal. The survey evidence documented in this study further verifies the significance of signalling hypothesis in recent period in case of Nepal to explain why managers prefer to pay dividend. The main implication of the findings of this study is that it explores, in the changing context of meeting regulatory capital requirements, how the banking managers perceive about dividend policy of Nepalese banking firms. The finding of the study is primarily useful to investors seeking for investment in dividend paying banking firms in Nepal</p> Surya B. Rana Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 24 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Factors Influencing Transactional Leadership in Commercial Banks of Nepal <p>This paper analyses different factors promoting transactional leadership in commercial banks of Nepal. The study is based on primary data with 131 responses. The self-administered questionnaires are used to collect the perceptive opinions from the respondents. The statistical tools used in this study include mean, standard deviation, coefficient of variance and ranking. The study concludes that leaders of commercial banks of Nepal provide subordinates with material and rewards contingent on the fulfilment of contractual obligations, monitored deviation from norms and provide corrective action, frequently implement punishment or corrective approaches are most important factors to transactional leadership styles. Transactional leadership style exists in commercial banks of Nepal.</p> Anil Karki, Pushpa Maharjan Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 24 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Investment Decision Behaviour of Nepalese Investors in Initial Public Offerings <p>The main objective of this study is to explore the investment decision behaviour of Nepalese investors in Initial Public Offerings (IPOs). The study is qualitative in nature where semi-structured interviews are adopted to solicit an understanding of six young Nepalese investors on their investment decision. An understanding of how a specific individual in a specific setting makes meaning of a specific experience has been gained through the application of interpretative phenomenological analysis. The findings indicate investors are not influenced by psychological biases because they do not ‘herd’ on the information; rather it was found that they are influenced by overconfidence bias as investors overestimate their skills when investing. Moreover, this study has solely focused on IPO only, i.e., primary market, further qualitative research can be conducted on the secondary market to understand the financial setting and gain knowledge on how investors behave when investing in a riskier and more volatile market.</p> Puja Tamang Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 24 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000