Assessment of Awareness, Knowledge, Attitude, and the Practice of Vitamin D among the General Public in Malaysia

Authors

  • Ali Qais Blebil School of Pharmacy, Monash University Malaysia
  • Juman Abdulelah Dujaili School of Pharmacy, Monash University Malaysia
  • Enie Teoh School of Pharmacy, Monash University Malaysia
  • Pik Sze Wong School of Pharmacy, Monash University Malaysia
  • Bhuvan KC School of Pharmacy, Monash University Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jkahs.v2i3.26646

Keywords:

knowledge, practice, vitamin D, public, Malaysia

Abstract

Background: Vitamin D deficiency is becoming a global epidemic, which is still undertreated despite increased treatment availability and increase in therapeutic options. This study aimed to explore the awareness, knowledge, attitude and practices regarding Vitamin D among the general public in Malaysia.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out in a public area using a convenience samplingtechnique to recruit participants around Selangor and Kuala Lumpur shopping malls area. An anonymous self-administeredquestionnaire was used for data collection and it was circulated to 603 Malaysian. A total of 400 participants were completed and returned to the researchers.  

Result: Although 90.5% of the participants have heard/learnt about Vitamin D. About 78.0% of them showed limited knowledge about some aspects of Vitamin D with (mean ± SD = 1.78 ± 0.894). Additionally, there was a negative attitude towards Vitamin D and sunlight exposure. For instance, nearly 70.0% of the respondents did not like to expose themselves to sunlight.  Only 30.0% of the participants had taken Vitamin D supplement before.There is a small, positive correlation between the knowledge score and education level, rho = 0.124, n = 400, P = 0.013, with a higher score associated with higher education level.

Conclusion: The findings provided a piece of contemporary real-world evidenceon the lack of knowledge and practices about Vitamin D among the general public. Therefore, extensive health educational campaigns for the public should be implemented by the government to raise their knowledge on the importance of Vitamin D.

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Author Biographies

Ali Qais Blebil, School of Pharmacy, Monash University Malaysia

Lecturer

Juman Abdulelah Dujaili, School of Pharmacy, Monash University Malaysia

Lecturer

Enie Teoh, School of Pharmacy, Monash University Malaysia

Lecturer

Pik Sze Wong, School of Pharmacy, Monash University Malaysia

Pharmacy Graduate

Bhuvan KC, School of Pharmacy, Monash University Malaysia

Lecturer

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Published

2019-12-10

Issue

Section

Original Articles