Efficacy of Calcium Phosphate Composite Bone Graft in Treatment of Periodontal Intrabony Defects: Clinico-radiographic Study

Authors

  • Shruti Bhatnagar Rungta College of Dental Sciences and Research, Bhilai, Chhattisgarh, India
  • Surangama Debnath Hazaribag College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Hazaribag, Jharkhand, India
  • Sriniwasa Tenkasale Siddeshappa ESIC Dental College, Sedaam Road, Kalburagi, Karnataka, India
  • Ramreddy K Yeltiwar Vidarbha Youth Welfare Societie’s Dental College and Hospital, Amravati, Maharashtra, India
  • Vikas Dewan Vidarbha Youth Welfare Societie’s Dental College and Hospital, Amravati, Maharashtra, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jnspoi.v5i1.38182

Keywords:

Bone grafts, bone substitute, osseous defects, periodontal regeneration, Periodontitis

Abstract

Introduction: Regeneration of periodontium is always difficult to achieve regardless of all advancement. In an attempt to refine, various materials have been tried and tested. The present study was carried out to evaluate regenerative potential of easy-graft CRYSTAL in intrabony defects, clinically, and radiographically.

Methods: This randomised split-mouth study was conducted at Rungta College of Dental Sciences and Research from 2015 October to 2015 October. Intrabony pockets more than 5 mm and radiographic evidence of vertical bone loss were selected from 15 patients having two sites each. The chosen sites were randomly divided into test sites: open flap debridement (OFD) with easy-graft CRYSTAL and control sites (OFD). The clinical parameters evaluated were Plaque Index, Gingival Index, Probing Pocket Depth, Relative Attachment Level, and Gingival Recession at baseline, three months, and six months postoperatively. Radiographic parameters recorded were Defect Fill and Percentage of Defect Fill at baseline, three months, and six months. Data were analysed in SPSS v.20.

Results: At six months, improved clinical and radiographic values were obtained compared to baseline. The plaque and gingival index showed statistically significant reduction. Both groups showed statistically significant reduction in mean probing pocket depth and gain in relative attachment level. Mean gingival recession score was increased in both the group but was not significant. There was significant increase in Defect Fill and Percentage of Defect fill in both groups with better bone fill in test group.

Conclusion: Easy-graft CRYSTAL is a potential regenerative material for the treatment of periodontal intrabony defects.  

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Author Biographies

Shruti Bhatnagar, Rungta College of Dental Sciences and Research, Bhilai, Chhattisgarh, India

Department of Periodontology

Surangama Debnath, Hazaribag College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Hazaribag, Jharkhand, India

Department of Periodontics

Sriniwasa Tenkasale Siddeshappa, ESIC Dental College, Sedaam Road, Kalburagi, Karnataka, India

Department of Periodontics

Ramreddy K Yeltiwar, Vidarbha Youth Welfare Societie’s Dental College and Hospital, Amravati, Maharashtra, India

Department of Periodontics

Vikas Dewan, Vidarbha Youth Welfare Societie’s Dental College and Hospital, Amravati, Maharashtra, India

Department of Periodontics

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Published

2021-07-01

How to Cite

Bhatnagar, S., Debnath, S., Siddeshappa, S. T., Yeltiwar, R. K., & Dewan, V. (2021). Efficacy of Calcium Phosphate Composite Bone Graft in Treatment of Periodontal Intrabony Defects: Clinico-radiographic Study. Journal of Nepalese Society of Periodontology and Oral Implantology, 5(1), 39–44. https://doi.org/10.3126/jnspoi.v5i1.38182

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