Kalika Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies 2023-01-20T00:00:00+00:00 Vikash Kumar KC Open Journal Systems <p>The Kalika Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies is published by the Kalika Multiple Campus, Pokhara-14, Kajipokhari, Nepal. It is an annual peer–reviewed research journal related to different areas of social sciences, natural sciences, education and management. It attempts to furnish the research articles in multidisciplinary aspects.</p> Matrimonial Practices among Muslims of Pokhara 2023-01-19T08:09:32+00:00 Niranjan Ojha <p>Study of religious minorities keeps greater importance in a country like Nepal, where Hindus constitute the majority of the population. Marriage is a normal societal phenomenon and common in Nepali society. Muslims marriage is curious and not common to the majority religious group of Nepal. Marriage is a contract between bride and groom for the purposes of legal intercourse, child propagation, and the social contract between husband and wife. Muslims perform their marital rituals according to Sariat. The marriage of Muslims is directed by the faith itself, according to the Holy Quran. Muslim marriage has long been curious to non-Muslims because of its uniqueness. As a result, an attempt has been made to address this issue. This article is based on qualitative research and aims to outline the critical measures to be taken throughout marriage. To generalize the subject, an observation approach, in[1]depth interviews and library research are being used. As responders for the goal of gathering knowledge, Muslim scholars, masjid Committee Members, Moulana and elderly people from Miya Patan of Pokhara who have witnessed such rites were chosen. Because they desired anonymity, the responders are referred to as Res. 1. , Res.2., Res.3, Res.4 and so on. This research looks on Muslim marriage, a unique and traditional marital practice in Nepal. It makes an attempt to address the general situation of Muslim marital practice in Miya Patan of Pokhara. In Nepal, particularly in Pokhara, people have forgotten the value of marriage in the name of modernization. Muslims of Pokhara have protected the society's social standards and cultural values of marriage which should be learn from them.</p> 2022-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Kalika Multiple Campus Medicinal Value of Cassia Fistula Linn: A Comprehensive Review 2023-01-19T08:48:52+00:00 Sarika Lamichhane Deepak Gautam <p>Nepal is the rich source of NTFPs species which are well known for its medicinal properties. The aim of this review is to collect the information of Cassia Fistula Linn and explore its medicinal importance. Only secondary data were used to finalize this paper. The result shows that among the medicinal plants, Cassia fistula Linn is also one of the crucial NTFP plant holding valuable medicinal properties. Cassia fistula Linn is commonly known as Rajbriksha and Bandar ko lathi in Nepali. It is also known as a yellow shower tree due to its beautiful and attractive yellow flowers. All parts such as seeds, flowers, bark, leaves, fruits, roots of this tree possess great importance of medicine. It is considered as one of the important valuable medicinal tree. In traditional medicine, this tree is used to cure various diseases such as fever, bronchitis, leprosy, dry cough, skin disease, heart problem, constipation, diabetes, malaria, stomach disorder, burning sensation. Rajbriksha possess various pharmacological activities such as anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic, antiperiodic, anthelmintic, anti-oxidant, anti-fertility activities. It also possess diuretic, febrifuge, tonic, laxative, cooling, purgative properties. The fruit, bark, leaves, seeds, flowers, roots contain numerous chemical constituents like calcium, iron, potassium, manganese, lipeol, tannins, glucosides, sennosides, rhein, fistulin, alkaloids, acetate, flavonoids. This article aims to provide the review on morphology, distribution, chemical constituent, traditional uses of Cassia fistula Linn.</p> 2022-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Kalika Multiple Campus Factors Determining the Involvement of Women in Income Generating Activities: A Case Study in Pokhara Metropolitan City, Nepal 2023-01-19T08:59:12+00:00 Surendra Tiwar <p>Women’s participation in income-generating activities (IGAs) appears to be limited in communities of Nepal owing to a variety of socio-cultural and socio-economic variables. Despite the deliberative efforts by governmental and different developmental agencies for the empowerment of women to be participated actively in income generating activities (IGAs), it is unclear yet what factors stimulate Nepalese women’s engagement in various earning activities. Against this backdrop, the purpose of this study was to investigate the variables that stimulate the participation of Nepalese women in IGAs in the Pokhara Metropolis. For this purpose, a systematic survey form was used to gather data. A total of 130 individuals were interrogated, comprising 65 women engaged in IGAs (selected purposively) and 65 women, who are not involved in IGAs (selected conveniently and purposively) for making the study more comprehensive. A Binary logistic regression model was applied for finding the factors determining the involvement of women in IGAs. The result of the analysis revealed that literacy status, occupational status and monthly income of family affect the women’s involvement in IGAs significantly while age, marital status, caste, family type, number of a family member and age at first marriage do not have any effect on it. The study suggests that it is imperative to make women aware about the importance of involvement in IGAs as this will help them to be self-dependent. The Government of Nepal should focus on women’s education to ensure the necessary knowledge and entrepreneurial skills needed for their effective participation in income-generating activities.</p> 2022-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Kalika Multiple Campus History of Nepalese Tourism Industry 2023-01-19T09:11:47+00:00 Arjun Bahadur Bhandari <p>Tourism is not a new phenomenon in Nepal. People had been travelling by different means since ancient times when the modern concept of tourism was not introduced. Due to the Rana autocracy, Nepal was closed to the international visitor. After the restoration of democracy in 1950 Nepal government has recognized tourism as a key vehicle of development. Many developing countries are incorporating tourism into their industrial value and government of Nepal also has recognized tourism is as a high-paying industry and a key source of revenue which was priorities in tourism policy. Nepal’s Tourism Policy-2009 focuses on enhancing quality, accumulating foreign reserves, and creating job opportunities to help Nepalese people improve their living conditions and protecting environment for its sustainability. Nepali tourism saw ups and downs between1999 to 2021; including an Indian plane hijacking, a Royal massacre, a decade-long Maoist insurgency, an international economic crisis, the 2015 earthquake, and the COVID-19 epidemic. Since its inception, the Nepali tourist sector has struggled. Despite the government’s priority, the private sector has established itself as a high-paying enterprise. This article is based on qualitative research and aims to address historical development of tourism in Nepal. Descriptive and analytical methods were used in this research to investigate the history of Nepali tourism industry. In-depth interviews and library research are being used to gather data about the subject. It is limited to historical study on the subject. Finding of the research can be generalized to study the entire situation of tourism in Nepal.</p> 2022-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Kalika Multiple Campus Erotic Abuse on Woman's Body: A Study on Chapali Height 2023-01-19T09:19:45+00:00 Suresh Raj Dhakal <p>The issue of the exploitation of female characters by male ones is a popular subject of filmy contents in different movies.In this regard, the paper examines the film Chapali Height in terms of how an innocent girl is sexually reified by two playboys and how she avenges after realizing the treachery. Bini, a young girl, spiritually and physically loves a boy named Amir and elopes with him, leaving her family behind, but Amir abandons her after sucking the sap of her romantic youth. After that, another mischievous boy, Raj creates a drama of love and exploits her sexually. However, the boys, who are the best friend from the past, already have consensus to romance on her body. The internalization of physical exploitation on her body crosses the limit of her aggression which leads the catastrophic end in the movie. In the study, the entire movie is selected as the text for general discussion where the data will be primarily taken from the erotic snapshots of the movie and the persuading dialogues there. Objectification theory of Fredrickson and Roberts (1997) in relation to body politics is taken as the theoretical base. Besides, this study espouses a qualitative descriptive approach to dig out commodification on woman’s body by man. The finding of this study shows that the extreme physical exploitation to the female ultimately leads the disastrous result. At the end, the commodified woman kills the men by burying them into the ditch.</p> 2022-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Errors in Scientific Physical Experiments 2023-01-19T09:24:34+00:00 Rajan Paudel Chhetri <p>No abstract available.</p> 2022-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Kalika Multiple Campus Medicinal Plants and their Uses Against Gastrointestinal Disorders in Pokhara 2023-01-19T09:34:35+00:00 Om Prasad Dwa <p>The paper describes the uses of local plants against GI problems in Pokhara Valley. The findings of the study are based on the experience and indigenous knowledge of people rather than clinical or scientific evaluation. This execution tries to highlight the significance of traditional medicinal plants for the treatment of major health issues i.e. GI problems in Pokhara valley of Nepal. Many studies on the medicinal uses of plants show that traditional medicine is an integral part of rural Nepal. According to the result, rural people of Pokhara valley use 101 plants belonging to 61 families. Listed families are Acanthaceae, Amaranthaceae, Anacardiaceae, Apocynaceae, Araceae, Aclepidaceae, Aspidaceae, Asteraceae, Berberidaceae, Bignoniaceae, Bombacaceae, Cannabinaceae, Cappridaceae, Caricaceae, Caryophyllaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Combretaceae, Commelinaceae, Crassulaceae, Cuscutaceae, Cyperaceae, Dioscoreaceae, Dipterocarpaceae, Elaeagnaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Fabaceae, Gentianaceae, Lamiaceae, Lauraceae, Liliaceae, Linaceae, Lythraceae, Magnoliaceae, Malvaceae, Meliaceae, Menispermaceae, Musaceae, Moraceae, Myricaceae, Myrtaceae, Nephrolepidaceae, Nyctaginaceae, Nymphaeaceae, Oxalidaceae, Pinaceae, Piperaceae, Poaceae, Polygonaceae, Punicaceae, Rhamnaceae, Rosaceae, Rutaceae, Sapindaceae, Solanaceae, Theaceae, Trapaceae, Ulmaceae, Umbelliferae, Urticaceae, Vitaceae, Zingiberaceae.</p> 2022-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Kalika Multiple Campus Adventure Tourism Activities in Pokhara: A Case of Zipflyer 2023-01-19T09:43:15+00:00 Biranji Gautam <p>No abstract available.</p> 2022-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Kalika Multiple Campus