Risk Perception and Protective Health Measure Regarding COVID-19 among Nepali Labour Migrants’ Returnee from India


  • Shanti Prasad Khanal Tribhuvan University, Nepal
  • Edwin van Teijlingen Bournemouth University, England
  • Mohan Sharma Research Officer, New Era, Kathmandu
  • Jib Acharya Bourmouth University, England
  • Chhabita Sharma Midwestern University, Nepal
  • Suman Kharel Central Department of Rural Development, Tribhuvan University, Nepal
  • Uttam Gaulee Morgan State University, USA
  • Karuna Bhattarai Public Health Officer, Health Service Directorate, Karnali Province, Surkeht, Nepal
  • Rajan Binayak Pasa Central Department of Rural Development, TU, Nepal
  • Pradeep Bohora Sanothimi Campus, Bhaktapur, Nepal




Pandemic, migrant worker, preventive behaviour, relationshi, risk perception


Thousands of Nepali migrant workers returned home from India due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. This cross-sectional study examines the association between risk perception and protective behaviour regarding COVID-19 in returnee migrant workers. The study used opportunistic sampling and 384 participants, based in a quarantine center on return from India, volunteered. Using the health belief model (HBM) as a theoretical framework, a structured interview questionnaire was designed and applied as the key data collection tool. Three health workers were interviewed face-to-face. The study showed that the perceived risk of COVID-19 among participants was medium to low. Participants perceived few barriers and had low self-efficacy levels compared to other constructs. This study further showed that participants were  more likely to follow a range of protective health behaviours, but not found all.  The study revealed a significant association between all risk perception constructs and protective behaviours (p=< 0.05). This study accordingly highlighted a significant relationship between the respondents' risk perception level and protective health behaviours. The study envisaged that public awareness of risk to the people who returned from India is essential to increase risk perception during the outbreak.


Download data is not yet available.




How to Cite

Khanal, S. P., van Teijlingen, E., Sharma, M., Acharya, J., Sharma, C., Kharel, S., Gaulee, U., Bhattarai, K., Pasa, R. B., & Bohora, P. (2024). Risk Perception and Protective Health Measure Regarding COVID-19 among Nepali Labour Migrants’ Returnee from India. KMC Journal, 6(1), 313–330. https://doi.org/10.3126/kmcj.v6i1.62364