Evaluation of the Land Surface Temperature using Satellite Images in Kathmandu Valley

Authors

  • Anil Aryal Interdisciplinary Centre for River Basin Environment, University of Yamanashi, Kofu, Yamanashi, Japan
  • Bijay Man Shakya Interdisciplinary Centre for River Basin Environment, University of Yamanashi, Kofu, Yamanashi, Japan
  • Manisha Maharjan Department of Environmental Engineering, Kyoto University, Katsura, Kyoto, Japan
  • Rocky Talchabhadel Texas A&M AgriLife Research, Texas A&M University El Paso, Texas, USA
  • Bhesh Raj Thapa Universal Engineering and Science College, Kathmandu, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/njce.v1i1.43368

Keywords:

Heatmap, Kathmandu Valley, Landsat-8, Land Surface Temperature, Urban Heat Island

Abstract

Urbanization leads the conversion of green area to built-up area which eventually leads to increase in surface temperature and creates the urban heat islands. Kathmandu Valley (KV), one of the growing mega cities in South Asia in-terms of population density and urbanization, requires the monitoring of urban morphology for the proper assessment. Use of satellite images makes the work more easier. The present study focuses on the evaluation of Land Surface Temperature (LST) as a preliminary work of monitoring urban and periurban areas of Kathmandu Valley. We used Landsat-8 satellite images as an input to evaluate LST over different administrative units for the study period 2013-2019. The results of research showed that Kathmandu, Bhaktapur and Lalitpur administrative units have higher average LST (ranging from 22.1 to 36.9°C in the month of March and June respectively) comparing to other administrative units. The average LST was found to be higher in the month of June. The temporal results of LST portrays 2015 as the hottest year during the study period. Also, spatial and temporal evaluation of LST in KV suggests to increase the more green space in the urban areas to minimize surface temperature. Finally, the authors of current research recommends using the concept of remote sensing (satellite image analysis) as an alternative tool for monitoring urban morphology.

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Published

2021-01-31

How to Cite

Aryal, A., Shakya, B. M., Maharjan, M., Talchabhadel, R., & Thapa, B. R. (2021). Evaluation of the Land Surface Temperature using Satellite Images in Kathmandu Valley. Nepal Journal of Civil Engineering, 1(1), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.3126/njce.v1i1.43368

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Articles