Focus and Scope

Nepalese Medical Journal is an official peer reviewed biomedical journal of Health Education Agriculture Development (HEAD) Nepal. It will be published bi-annually. Nepalese Medical Journal receives original material of interest to the practitioners and scientists in the field of medicine related to the recent developments in Medical Sciences. Articles describing original clinical or laboratory investigations and case reports along with editorials and review of selected topics will be considered for publication. From time to time invited articles, Clinical Problem-solving, View points and Student sections will be published.

Peer Review Process

Upon submission of an article by the author, the article is grossly reviewed by editor. The Editor decides whether reviews from additional experts are needed to evaluate the manuscript. After agreeing to review a manuscript, external reviewers are typically granted 10 days to complete the assignment. We will follow up with late reviewers and keep authors informed if there are any delays. Reviewers are anonymous by default.

Reviewers’ identities are not revealed to authors or to other reviewers unless reviewers specifically request to be identified by signing their names at the end of their comments. The Editor is anonymous to authors and reviewers unless and until a manuscript is accepted for publication. The names of the authors and place of research are anonymous to reviewers during review. Authors may enter the names of potential peer reviewers they wish to exclude from consideration in the peer review of their manuscript.  The editorial team will respect these requests so long as this does not interfere with the objective and thorough assessment of the submission. The majority of submissions are evaluated by 2 external reviewers, but it is up to the Academic Editor to determine the number of reviews required.

Nepalese Medical Journal editors review each manuscript meticulously based on the comments from the reviewers and make a final decision to either reject or publish it. The contributors will be informed about the reviewers' comments, acceptance or rejection of the manuscript. Articles accepted will be copy edited for grammar, punctuation, print style and format. Page proofs will be sent to the corresponding author, which has to be returned to the editorial office within seven days. Non response may delay the publication of the article or even result in being rejected.

Duties of Reviewers

Contribution to Editorial Decisions
Peer review assists the editor in making editorial decisions and through the editorial communications with the author may also assist the author in improving the paper.

Promptness
Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and excuse himself/ herself from the review process.

Confidentiality
Any manuscript received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be shown to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.

Standards of Objectivity
Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.

Acknowledgement of Sources
Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument had been previously reported should be accompanied by the relevant citation. A reviewer should also call to the editor's attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest
Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.

Publication Frequency

Nepalese Medical Journal is published bi-annually.

Open Access Policy

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

Editorial Board

Editor-In-Chief
Dr. Shiva Raj K. C., MBBS, MD
Associate Professor and Head Department of Pathology;
Patan Academy of Health Sciences,
Lagankhel, Imadole, Lalitpur, Nepal
Email: shiva_kc_123@yahoo.com/ shivarajkc074@gmail.com

EDITORS:
Dr. Nabin Bahadur Basnet, MBBS, PhD
Nephrologist, Sumeru Kidney Hospital/ Sumeru Community Hospital,
Dhapasi, Laliptur, Nepal
Email: dr.nabinbasnet@gmail.com

Dr. Devendra Shrestha, MBBS, MD
Professor, Department of Pediatrics;
KIST Medical College,
Imadole, Lalitpur, Nepal
Email: devendra.shrestha@gmail.com

Dr. Geetika K C, MBBS, MD
Assistant Professor; Department of Pathology;
KIST Medical College,
Imadole, Lalitpur, Nepal
Email: geetikakc@hotmail.com

Dr. Ajaya Kumar Dhakal, MBBS, MD
Associate Professor; Department of Pediatrics;
KIST Medical College,
Imadole, Lalitpur, Nepal
Email: ajayakdhakal@gmail.com

Dr. Sujata Pudasaini, MBBS, MD
Associate Professor; Department of Pathology;
Nepal Medical College,
Jorpati, Kathmandu, Nepal
Email: sujatapudasaini@gmail.com

Ms. Purnima Gyawali
Medical student;
KIST Medical College,
Imadole, Lalitpur, Nepal
Email: gpurnima05@gmail.com

Dr. Raju Poudel, MBBS, MD, DM
Consultant Neurologist,
Grande International Hospital,
Dhapasi, Kathmandu, Nepal
Email: docpaudelraju@gmail.com

Dr. Keyoor Gautam, MBBS, MD
Managing Director and Pathologist;
Samyak Diagnostic Pvt. Ltd.
Jawalakhel, Lalitpur, Nepal
Email: drkeyoor@gmail.com

Dr. Rajendra Rijal, MBBS, MD
Consultant Physician; Department of Medicine;
Nepal Mediciti Pvt. Ltd.
Bhaisipati, Lalitpur, Nepal
Email: rijal_22@hotmail.com

Dr. Bhaskar Raj Pant, MBBS, MS
Head, Department of Orthopedics,
HAMS Hospital,
Dhumbarahi, Kathmandu, Nepal
Email: bhpant@gmail.com

Dr. Santosh Pradhan, MBBS, MD
Biochemist; Samyak Diagnostic Pvt. Ltd.
Jawalakhel, Lalitpur, Nepal
Email: santosh_pradhan@iom.edu.np

Dr. Hari Har Khanal, MBBS, PhD
Head, Department of Cardiology;
Bir Hospital
Kathmandu, Nepal
Email: harikhanal@hotmail.com

Dr. Robin Bahadur Basnet, MS, MCH
Urological Surgeon (Gazetted Government Officer);  
Bir Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal
Email: robinbasnet@gmail.com

Dr. Swosti Thapa, BDS, MDS
Registrar, Department of Plastic, Burn, Reconstructive and Maxillofacial Surgery
Kirtipur Hospital, Phect, Nepal
Email: thapa.swosti@hotmail.com

Dr. Suresh Mehata, PhD
Epidemiology and Bio-Statistics
Senior Research, Monitoring & Evaluation advisor
Ipas Nepal, Kathmandu
Email: sureshmht@gmail.com

Dr. Ang Tshering Sherpa (Lama)
Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine
KIST Medical College,
Imadole, Lalitpur, Nepal
Email: sherpadoctor@gmail.com

INTERNATIONAL EDITORS:
Dr. Joel M. Topf, MD, FACP
Assistant Clinical Professor
Oakland University Medical School
Program Director:
Nephrology Social Media Cooperative Internship
Doctor in Detroit, Michigan, USA
Email: joel.topf@gmail.com

Dr. Sushil Adhikari, MBBS, MD
Department of Hospital Medicine Services,
HealthEast Care System,
St Paul, Minnesota, USA
Email: sadhikari@HealthEast.org

Dr. Iqbal Shabir Khan, MD, PhD
Specialist Orthopedic Surgeon;
Fujairah Government Hospital
Ministry of Health, UAE
Email: iqbal_ua@yahoo.com, Iqbal.khan@moh.gov.ae

Dr. Badri Giri, MBBS, MD,
Fellow: Pulmonary and Critical Care
Physician, Bayulor Scott & White Memorial Hospital
Dallas, Texas, USA
Email: badrigiri11@gmail.com

Prof. Dr. Arnab Ghosh, MBBS, MD
Department of Pathology,
Manipal College of Medical Sciences,
Pokhara, Nepal
Email: docarnab2k@gmail.com

Dr. Daulat Bikram Khadka, MSc, PhD
Department of Pharmacy; Research Professor
Pharmaceutical Chemistry Laboratory,
College of Pharmacy, Chonnam National University,
Gwangju, South Korea
Email: daulat@gmail.com

Dr. Bijaya K. Dhakal, PhD, D (ABMM)
Director, Molecular Laboratory at Sonic Reference Lab
Austin, Texas, USA
Email: bijayadhakal@gmail.com

Dr. Sanjaya Dhakal, MBBS, MPH
Manager, Primary and Community Health
Ministry of Health, Government of Alberta,
Edmonton, Canada
Email: sanjayadhakal@gmail.com

COPY EDITORS:
Mr. Anurag Marisini
Medical student;
KIST Medical College,
Imadole, Lalitpur, Nepal
Email: mr.marasini@gmail.com 

Mr. Prashanta Bhattarai
Medical student; KIST Medical College,
Imadole, Lalitpur, Nepal
Email: bhattarai1995@gmail.com

Ms. Salina Neupane
Medical student; KIST Medical College,
Imadole, Lalitpur, Nepal
Email: nsalina30@gmail.com

ADVISORS:
Dr. Naoki Kashihara, M.D., Ph.D
President, Japanese Society of Nephrology
Vice President, Kawasaki Medical School
Chairman and Professor
Department of Nephrology and Hypertension,
Kawasaki Medical School
Email: kashinao@med.kawasaki-m.ac.jp

Prof. Dr. Gopi Aryal, MBBS, MD, PhD
Chief, Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology
Nepal Mediciti hospital,
Bhaisepati, Lalitpur, Nepal
Email: aryalgopi1@gmail.com

Prof Dr. Ramesh Makaju, MBBS, MD
Head Department of Pathology,
Vice-Dean; Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences,
Dhulikhel, Kavrepalanchowk, Nepal
Email: makajuram@yahoo.com