Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and Pregnancy Outcome in Tertiary Level Hospital of Nepal

  • Suniti Rawal Institute of Medicine, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0244-6922
  • Pooja Paudyal Institute of Medicine, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Mahesh Raj Sigdel Institute of Medicine, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal
Keywords: Abortion, Anti-phospholipid antibody, Glomerulonephritis, Pre-eclampsia, Pregnancy, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Abstract

Introduction: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus is an autoimmune disease frequently prevalent in women starting from early childhood and towards the reproductive age. Pregnancy with SLE has always imposed great risk both to the mother and the fetus. A multidisciplinary approach with Nephrologist, neonatologist and senior obstetrician during remission leads to a favorable response, through limitation and complications with the use of drugs impose difficulties in their management.
Materials and Methods: A prospective, descriptive study was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Nephrology at Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, for 2 years, from June 2015 to 2017. The study included obstetrical and related complications with outcome in pregnant patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.
Results: A total of 19 cases were analyzed of which 15 (79%) had a viable pregnancy and 4 (21%) abortions. Of thirteen cases, 4 (21%) had antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, 8 (42.1%) lupus, and membranous glomerulonephritis and 1 (5.2%) lupus optic neuropathy with loss of vision. All the patients were under drug therapy, like prednisolone, azathioprine, hydroxychloroquine, aspirin, low molecular weight Heparin, tacrolimus, and cyclophosphamide. Only 2 (10.5%) of 19 developed severe pre-eclampsia. There were 12 (80%) term and 3 (20%) each of preterm and intrauterine growth retardation pregnancies with 1 (6.6%) neonatal death (NND) and 1 (5.2%) maternal mortality.
Conclusions: Multidisciplinary approach and planned pregnancy reduces the risk of probable complications in the patient resulting to a decreased morbidity and mortality.

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Author Biographies

Suniti Rawal, Institute of Medicine, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal

Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Pooja Paudyal, Institute of Medicine, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Mahesh Raj Sigdel, Institute of Medicine, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal

 Department of Nephrology

Published
2019-06-20
How to Cite
Rawal, S., Paudyal, P., & Sigdel, M. (2019). Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and Pregnancy Outcome in Tertiary Level Hospital of Nepal. Nepalese Medical Journal, 2(1), 167-172. https://doi.org/10.3126/nmj.v2i1.24496
Section
Original Articles