Diet Pattern and Dyslipidemia Among Type II Diabetes Mellitus Patients Diagnosed More Tthan One Year Visiting Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital

Authors

  • Samiksha Niroula College of Applied Food and Dairy Technology, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Rama Subba Shree Birendra Hospital (Army) Chhauni, Kathmandu
  • Aarem Karkee College of Applied Food and Dairy Technology, Kathmandu, Nepal https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9077-2834

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/nmj.v4i1.37495

Keywords:

Dietary pattern; Dyslipidemia; HbA1; Type 2 diabetes mellitus

Abstract

Introduction: Dyslipidemia is a risk factor for coronary artery disease, a leading cause of mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. This study aims to study the dietary pattern and dyslipidemia of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients visiting Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital.

Materials and Methods: Quantitative study was done to find out the dietary pattern and dyslipidemia of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients visiting Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital. Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus diagnosed for more than one year were included in the study.

Results: The percentage of dyslipidemia in type 2 diabetes mellitus was found to be 88.5%. Dyslipidemia was found to be significantly associated (p<0.05) with alcohol consumption, regular dietary management, sedentary behavior, waist-hip ratio, body mass index, glycated hemoglobin, and hypertension. Dyslipidemia was also found to be significantly associated (p<0.05)  with the dietary habit (vegetarian and non-vegetarian), consumption of cereals and its product, consumption of fruits, consumption of fast foods and street foods, consumption of red meat, and consumption of oilseeds.

Conclusions: This study indicates the importance of dietary awareness and lifestyle modification for the management of dyslipidemia among type 2 diabetes mellitus.

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Author Biographies

Samiksha Niroula, College of Applied Food and Dairy Technology, Kathmandu, Nepal

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics

Rama Subba, Shree Birendra Hospital (Army) Chhauni, Kathmandu

Department of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics

Aarem Karkee, College of Applied Food and Dairy Technology, Kathmandu, Nepal

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics

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Published

2021-06-30

How to Cite

Niroula, S., Subba, R., & Karkee, A. (2021). Diet Pattern and Dyslipidemia Among Type II Diabetes Mellitus Patients Diagnosed More Tthan One Year Visiting Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital. Nepalese Medical Journal, 4(1), 433–438. https://doi.org/10.3126/nmj.v4i1.37495

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Section

Original Articles