Efficacy Of Three Different Regimens In Eradication Of Helicobacter Pylori Infection In Nepalese Patients Of Gandaki Region

  • Subash Bhattarai Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal
  • Chandra Prasad Acharya Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal
  • Sudeep Regmi Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal
Keywords: Antibiotics, eradication, Helicobacter pylori, rapid urease test, urea breadth test

Abstract

Background: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is associated with the pathogenicity of gastro-duodenal ulcers and gastric cancers. Combination of several antimicrobial therapies and regimens have been advised for H. pylori treatment. But, resistance to various antibiotics regimens are being documented worldwide. The present study was undertaken to study the efficacy of commonly used 3 different regimens for eradication of H.pylori infection in Nepalese patients.

Methods: A cross-sectional, hospital based study comprising of 405 subjects, was conducted. Each study patient underwent upper gastro-intestinal endoscopy followed by rapid urease test or histopathology from the biopsy sample for H. pylori detection. Patients were randomly subjected to 3 different H. pylori eradication regimen.  After 4 weeks of therapy, patients were re-evaluated for persistence of H. pylori infection either by repeat UGI endoscopy followed by RUT or C14- Urea Breadth Test. Data analysis was done by SPSS 20.

Results: Mean age of the patients was 34.4±8.72 years (M: F=1.5:1) with male predominance. H. pylori eradication rate was only 65.9% in patients using standard triple regimen using Amoxicillin, Clarithromycin and PPI (Group A). Eradication rate was greater (77.8%) with Levofloxacin based regimen (Group B) and 83.3%. with sequential regimen containing Amoxicillin followed by Clarithromycin and Tinidazole with PPI (Group C).

Conclusion: The study demonstrates that the current standard Amoxicillin and Claritrhromycin based triple regimen has lowest eradication rate followed by levofloxacin based regimen. The sequential regimen was the most efficacious among the 3 different regimens for H. pylori eradication.

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Author Biographies

Subash Bhattarai, Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal

Department of Medicine

Chandra Prasad Acharya, Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal

Department of Medicine

Sudeep Regmi, Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal

Department of Pathology

Published
2020-12-01
How to Cite
Bhattarai, S., Acharya, C., & Regmi, S. (2020). Efficacy Of Three Different Regimens In Eradication Of Helicobacter Pylori Infection In Nepalese Patients Of Gandaki Region. Nepal Mediciti Medical Journal, 1(1), 10-13. https://doi.org/10.3126/nmmj.v1i1.34469
Section
Original Articles